List of Papers (pre-2000)

To see a list of all the topics presented by members of the GHA please click on this link to the List of Papers. Depending on your browser settings, this will download or open a document showing the title and synopsis of all papers presented between July 1944 and now. Use the find function in Adobe Acrobat to find what you want. Once you have found the decade the paper was published, please go to that decade to access the paper you want.

1944 to 1949

1950 to 1959

1960 to 1969

1970 to 1979

1980 to 1989

1990 to 1999

2000 to 2009

2010 to Present

Treasures of the Guildhall Historical Association Revealed

All papers are in pdf format.

Title, by whom read and when

Summary of Article

Committee Allowances

Sir Cuthbert Whitaker MA, FSA

27 July 1944

Coach hire expenses before 1809; allowances to Committees for refreshments thereafter, listed in Pocket Books 1824-1924; coach hire and “line money” paid to members for attendance, technically abolished 1836; summer excursions on the River Thames for Members and their wives on board the former State barge Maria Wood abolished 1885; defence of Committee allowances before 1854 Royal Commission; foundation of the Guildhall Club at the end of the 19th century; Committee luncheons; institution of the budget system by Harvey Preen, Chairman of the Coal, Corn and Finance Committee; the current [1944] system of Committee allowances.

Some Notes on the City’s Cash

Major J Lockhart Gow MC

11 May 1945

The historical origin of the City’s private purse; an explanation of the title of the Coal, Corn and Finance Committee; the City’s revenues and expenditure from the Middle Ages; the City Lands; the Royal Contract and the Conduit Mead Estate; John Carpenter’s bequest; the City Markets.

Some Observations on A.R.P. and Civil Defence

F.W. Brundle CBE

4 September 1945

The beginnings of the
Committee; the author’s work as Committee chairman from 1937 with the assistance
of the new City Engineer and Medical Officer of Health; development of ARP in
the country and City; air raids, damage and casualties in the City;
contingency measures; salvage statistics; Fire Guards organisation; standing
down from April 1945 and dispersal from July 1945.

The Special Committee

Major G.H.M. Vine TD

 3 April 1946

Background of attacks
on the Corporation during the 19th century, especially the 1853
Royal Commission and the proposed reforms of 1882, which caused the first
appointment of the Special Committee [fore-runner of the current Policy and
Resources Committee] in 1883 to protect the Corporation’s rights; the 1893
Royal Commission; its part in the formation of Metropolitan Borough Councils
in 1899 and the winding up of the first Special Committee; its
re-establishment in 1904 and terms of reference; its work respecting rates
unification and the Union of Parishes Act 1907; its other areas of work and
influence; chairmen.

The Title and Office of Chief Commoner

Lt.-Col. G.J. Cullum
Welch OBE, MC

1 July 1946

Origin of the term
“commoner;” origin of the City Lands and CL Committee; evolution of the title
of Chief Commoner for the chairman of that Committee in the 3rd  quarter
of the 19th century; proposals to elect a Chief Commoner separate
from the chairmanship of the City Lands Committee in 1905; arguments for and
against the official recognition of the Chief Commoner as a spokesman for the
Court of Common Council in 1907; official recognition of the title from 1918;
precedence; Chief Commoner’s room.

The Court of Aldermen

Sir Frank Newson-Smith

30 September 1946

Origin and development
of the City Wards and the powers of Aldermen since Saxon times; gradual
increase of administrative business taken over by Common Council; functions
and business of the Court of Aldermen, especially respecting elections,
Freedoms, City Livery Companies and justice; the continuing role of the
Aldermen in the civic constitution.

Tithe Rate in the City of London

Sir Cuthbert Whitaker

30 December 1946

A brief history of
religious tithes; tithes in England from 1066 to 1936; the difference between
them and tithes in the City of London; Acts of Parliament of 1670 and 1804
affecting City tithes; effects of the City of London (Union of Parishes) Act
1907 and the role of the Special Committee in its passage; problems caused by
the Second World War and attempts at reform; collection of City tithe rate as
part of the City’s rates from City of London (Tithe) Act 1947.

The Public Health Department of the Corporation of

J.H. Morton FCA

31 March 1947

Development of
Ward-based sanitation, sewerage, street cleansing and lighting up to 1667;
the Great Fire of London 1666 and its consequences; Commissioners of Sewers
and the development of public health measures 1668-1898, including the City
of London Sewers Act 1848; the City of London Sewers Act 1897; the formation,
development and duties of the Public Health Department and its Committees
1898-1947; current [1947] public health provisions in the City.

The City of London Freemen’s School: Cives in
loco parentis

Gervase E Wood

30 June 1947

The background to the
foundation of the School by Act of Parliament of 1850; the conversion of the
London Workhouse endowments into funds for a school; the separate foundation
of the City of London School by Act of Parliament of 1834; Warren Stormes
Hale and the foundation of the City of London School (1837) and the City of
London Freemen’s Orphan School (1854); the Freemen’s School at Brixton
(1854-1926) and Ashtead (1926-date).

The Early History of the City of London

Sir Cuthbert Whitaker

30 September 1947

The unknown origins of
the City of London; London’s geographical and strategic advantages; Roman
London and its decay; Saxon London and the appointment of Alfred the Great’s
son-in-law, Ethelred as Governor of London in 886 and its apparent county
status thereafter; offices of Portreeve and Sheriff of the City and of
Middlesex; the Norman Conquest and the granting of the “William Charter”
c.1067, ratifying existing rights and privileges of Londoners; the City’s
medieval attempts at extending its independence from the Crown; the granting
of the Commune in 1191 and the subsequent development of City government
along the lines of that of national government; citizens’ rights guaranteed
by Magna Carta 1215; development of democratic government and Common Council
from the 1320s; the City of London’s unique constitution and the relatively
late development of the term “Corporation of London”; non-party political
nature of the City’s government.

The Privileges of the City of London

Leonard C Beecroft FCA

29 December 1947

Difficulties of
defining City of London’s privileges; those relating to trade and commerce,
especially import, export and marketing, (including some very obscure
offices) which largely disappeared in the 18th century and were
finally abolished in 1856; legal privileges of the Lord Mayor and of Aldermen
as Justices of the Peace; City’s right to elect its own Mayor, Aldermen and
especially Sheriff; rights of citizens to be tried in City Courts; City’s
ceremonial privileges, including the Lord Mayor’s Show, greeting the
Sovereign at Temple Bar, privileged regiments and the Lord Mayor’s
responsibilities relating to the accession of the Sovereign; numerous privileges
(some now out of date) in relation to Parliament; privilege of entertaining
royalty; privileged unwritten constitution of the City and the Custom of
London;  administrative privileges, including the right to change the
constitution; privilege of possessing the City Lands and funds other than the

The City Livery Companies

Humphrey W Morris

22 March 1948

Origin of Livery
Companies in late Saxon times and their development from religious
fraternities; their control over their trades and crafts in the medieval
period as they became more powerful; inter-Company strife in the 13th
and 14th centuries; their regulation by the Court of Aldermen and
their powers in the civic constitution of London; halls and their destruction
in the Great Fire of London in 1666 and their rebuilding after it; Company
Freemen and rules regulating them; attacks on Livery Companies from the 1870s
and the Royal Commission appointed in 1880; their charitable work; the
Companies’ role in the Protestant plantation of Ulster in the 17th
century; notes of interest respecting several individual Companies (mostly
the Great Twelve Companies).

Boundary Marks in the City of London

Sir Frederick


Parish, ward and
property marks, some covered in “Boundary and Property Marks in London”
by L.B. Ellis in British Archaeological Association’s Journal (3rd
series, vol. VIII, 1943); particular examples of marks and plaques and
stories associated with the places marked; varying designs and symbols; with
illustrations of several ward and parish marks.

Port of London Authority

R.E. Philp

30 August 1948

The importance of the
River Thames to the development of London; the growth of London as a trading
port from Roman times onwards; establishment of the Lord Mayor as Conservator
of the River Thames from Staines to the Medway in 1393; preservation of
fishing and navigation and the jurisdiction of the Courts of Conservancy in
Middlesex, Essex, Surrey and Kent; the Lord Mayor’s ceremonial views of the
Thames and the various Navigation Barges; the work of the Navigation
Committee; dispute between the Corporation and the Crown over the title to
the soil and bed of the Thames settled in 1856, and the Corporation’s loss of
the Thames conservancy to a new body of Thames Conservators; development of
the West and East India Docks and other docks east of the City in the late 18th
and early 19th centuries; establishment of the Port of London
Authority in 1908.

The Custom of London

Irving Gane,
Chamberlain of London

29 November 1948

The establishment of
the Custom of London since the “William Charter” of c. 1067; the difficulty
of defining the Custom and the pre-eminence of an oral tradition over a
written one with regard to it; the temporary loss of the City’s privileges
under Quo Warranto 1683 – 1688; the City’s power to amend the Custom
of London by Act of Common Council; extinguishing of Custom (e.g. City’s
jurisdiction over testamentary bequests; admission of married women to the
City Freedom); the legal status of the Custom and its survival through flexibility.

St Paul’s Cross

P.E Jones LL.B,

31 January 1949

Brief history of St
Paul’s Cross as a preaching cross, with pulpit; use of the Cross as a place
to assemble citizens in the Folkmoot and to hear proclamations and
announcements and to witness punishments; famous political and religious
sermons at the Cross; attendance of the Lord Mayor and Aldermen at sermons
from the 15th century, and improvements in their accommodation
over time; payments to preachers at Paul’s Cross and the removal of the
sermon to the interior of the Cathedral from the 17th century;
hospitality to preachers from the 17th century; bequests to
preachers from the 15th century; the erection of a memorial on the
site of Paul’s Cross in 1909 from a bequest by Mr H.C. Richards, KC.

The City and the Militia

J.K. Newson-Smith MA

30 May 1949

The Honourable
Artillery Company (HAC) (incorporated 1537) the oldest regiment in the
British Isles; London militia since Saxon times; privileges of Londoners in
the King’s host; provision of soldiers for the Sovereign; City Livery
Companies’ bowmen; practice of archery and events leading to the
establishment of the HAC; reorganisations of the London Train Bands in the 17th
century; other towns and cities copy London’s example in the training of
militia; lease of the Artillery Ground still used by the HAC from 1641;
London Train Bands in the Civil War and later in the 17th century;
practice from the 1690s onwards of citizens paying deputies to serve, and the
falling off of efficiency of the Train Bands; divergence of the Train Bands
and the HAC after 1777; expulsion of the Lord Mayor from the HAC in 1780;
establishment of the London Rifle Brigade by Aldermen and City Officers in

Outdoor Monuments in the City of London

Sir Cuthbert Whitaker

29 August 1949

Events leading to the
research and publication of a report in 1949 by the Chairman of the Special
Committee and the Deputy Keeper of the Records listing all the outdoor
monuments within the City of London, with some omissions from that report in
this article, namely Aldgate Pump, Aldersgate Boundary Marks, Bunhill Fields
Burial Ground, Cornhill Pump, Holborn Bars, Paul’s Cross, Royal Exchange, St
Bride’s and Bridewell Precinct Schools, Smithfield Garden and Fountain,
statues from the front of Guildhall Chapel on the staircase from Basinghall
Street to Guildhall Library.

[Rider concerning the
suggestion that Bunhill Fields Burial Ground should become a garden of rest,
which was, in 1949, still considered a “live” issue. Sir Cuthbert Whitaker
was obliged to state that the opinions in the article were his own personal
views and not to be regarded as propaganda in encouraging Members to vote
against the scheme when it was proposed in Common Council.]

Some Notes on the Bank of England and Her
Connection with the Chamber of London, and Certain Other Aspects of Civic

Alderman E.V.M.

29 December 1949

Chamber of London and
Livery Companies (especially the Goldsmiths’) acting as banks for 100 years
prior to establishment of the Bank of England in 1694; venture capital,
personal and Government loans from the Chamber in the early 17th
century; the Chamberlain appointed Receiver of taxes imposed for repayment;
growing strain on the Corporation’s finances during the 17th
century due to increased borrowing, but crisis masked and delayed by Orphans’
money; Chamber retrenchment led to formation of Bank of England; same people
involved in Chamber, Bank of England and Livery Companies (using the Grocers’
as an example); the site of the Bank of England.

Notes Upon the History of the City Lieutenancy

Gilbert Davis

13 March 1950

The City trained bands,
particularly in the 16th and 17th centuries; earliest
Commission of City Lieutenancy in 1617; City trained bands fighting for
Parliament during the Civil War; Act of 1662 establishing the Lieutenancy as
it exists today; Trophy Tax; preparations against the Young Pretender in
1745; trained bands absorbed into the Militia from 1794; foundation of the
Volunteer Force in 1858; modern successors to the trained bands.

The London Food Markets

W.F. Bonsor OBE

12 June 1950

Reliance of Londoners
on markets for food; how the food reached the markets; non-profit-making
nature of markets before the 17th century; mainly retail nature of
London’s markets; effect of London’s markets on the Home Counties and further
afield; growth of middle-men or agents between supplier and market; increased
number of market gardens around London; particular characteristics of
Smithfield Market, the Borough Market in Southwark and the Stocks Market;
possible future of the Corporation’s markets.

St Mary-Le-Bow Church

Col. C.C.O. Whiteley

27 September 1950

Possible Roman
foundations in the crypt; the building since Norman times; origin of the name
“Bow”; adjacent site of Royal Sild, from which royalty watched jousts and
events in Cheapside; rebuilding after the Great Fire of London; dragon
weathervane; Bow Bells; church plate.

London and the Royal Navy

Commander R.J. Hayward

29 December 1950

London’s interests in
the sea; merchant shipping and Londoners’ assistance to the Crown in
providing ships for defence in times of war, especially during medieval
Anglo-French wars; London’s help against the Armada in 1588; London and the
Ship Money dispute with Charles I; ships bearing the name London; City
honours granted to great naval figures in Napoleonic wars; 20th
century hospitality to naval figures.

A Short Paper on Epping Forest

A.J. Osborn

30 July 1951

Brief history of the
Forest since its foundation by William I; commoners’ rights; gradual
encroachments, increasing in the early 19th century; the
Corporation of London’s acquisition of commoners’ rights in the Forest
through its purchase of Aldersbrook Farm for the City of London Cemetery; the
Corporation’s legal battle to prevent further enclosure of the Forest and its
eventual victory; the Epping Forest Act 1878; the Forest and its government
in 1951; local landmarks and legends; notable people associated with the
Forest; Queen Elizabeth’s Hunting Lodge and Copthall; modern and recent
threats to the Forest from War Department works and housing schemes.

London Bridge

S.J. Fox

29 October 1951

Probable Roman bridge;
1st reference to London Bridge in 980; destruction of it by King
Olaf in 1014 and the rhyme “London Bridge is broken down”; Peter de
Colechurch’s stone bridge, built 1176-1209 and links with the Church; size of
the Bridge and the houses which were built upon it before their removal in
1760; famous stories relating to the Bridge; royal entrances and pageants
there; the Bridge House Estates properties and historical income to 1950;
beneficial working class housing south of the Thames built by the Bridge
House Trust.

The Romance of Private Banking

Alderman F.A. Hoare

31 December 1951

Gold shortage leading
Charles II to refuse to repay over £1,000,000 owed to London merchants in
1672; Goldsmith bankers acting as safety deposits in the 17th
century; growth of receipt notes and cheques (first cheque in 1676); famous
figures in banking: Thomas Leyland of Liverpool and his involvement in
lucrative slavery; his partnership with William Roscoe the humanitarian and
abolitionist in Clarke’s and Roscoe’s Bank 1802-1806; Leyland’s increasing
fortune and success in Liverpool; Jonathan Backhouse of Darlington, Quaker banker
and popular stories about him; stories of the rivalry, friendship and
similarities between Child’s Bank, 1 Fleet Street and Hoares Bank, 37 Fleet
Street from the 17th century to 1924; the history of Hoares Bank
and its survival as the last of once 721 private banks.

The River Thames

W.E. Sykes MC, JP

31 March 1952

Weirs and locks on the
River, and the competing interests of bargemen, fishermen, millers and the
riverside population; grant of jurisdiction over the Thames to the City of
London by Richard I in 1197; problems with weirs and rubbish in the River in
the Middle Ages; appointment of the Navigation Committee in 1770 and its work
in clearing obstructions from 1774; acquisition of all tollpath tollgates
below Staines and the construction of pound locks at Chertsey, Shepperton,
Sunbury and Teddington; the Corporation’s Thames barges; railway competition;
the Corporation’s loss of the Thames Conservancy under the 1857 Act; Thames
conservancy after 1857; the establishment of the Port of London Authority in
1908 for the Thames east of Teddington Lock; the Thames Board of Conservators
and a detailed account of its work in 1952; fishing on the Thames; swans and

[The author was the
Corporation’s representative on the Thames Board of Conservancy, and Chairman
of its Finance and General Purposes Committee at the time the article was

The Wine Trade and the City of London

Alan S Lamboll

30 June 1952

The London wine trade
in Roman and medieval times; the establishment and role of the Vintners’
Company; the growth of spirits in the 17th century and the
establishment of the Distillers’ Company; gin in the 18th century;
the introduction of port wine and cylindrical bottles in the 18th
century; Gladstone’s reform of duty on wines and spirits after 1860 and the
introduction of off-licences making wine more accessible; the destruction of
French vineyards by Phylloxera after 1870 and the rarity of wine; the
current [1952] expensiveness of wine and the small number of people who could
afford it.

The Office of Clerk of a Livery Company

H.W. Keith Calder

30 September 1952

Historical aspects of
office of clerk; indispensability of the offices of clerk and beadle to each
Company; beadles becoming Clerks in the 16th century; growth of
clerks due to increased Company business from 16th century; duties
and salaries of clerks; various fellowships of Company clerks; position of
clerks in 1952.

Notes on Some of the Guild Churches of the City of

Sir Frederick

29 December 1952

Numbers of City
churches from medieval times onwards; destruction of many in 1666 Fire of
London and subsequently, and in the Second World War; list of the 16 Guild
Churches designated in the post-War reorganisation; details of 6 of these:
All Hallows London Wall, St Botolph Without Aldersgate, St Andrew Holborn, St
Margaret Pattens, St Benet Paul’s Wharf, St Dunstan in the West; appendices
of lists of churches not rebuilt after the 1666 Fire of London, those
demolished between 1666 and 1939, pre-Fire churches existing in 1939, Wren’s
churches existing in 1939 and other churches existing in 1939, with
annotation as to those destroyed in the Second World War.

The City and the Crown

Deputy J. Lionel P.
Denny MC, JP

30 March 1953

Old English kingship
and the elective principle; Londoners’ perceived rights in this process;
medieval kingship and the evolution of hereditary succession; London’s
crucial role in the accessions of Edward IV and Richard III; the accession
proclamation; signing the accession proclamation; the proclamation in the
City; Coronation ceremonies; the Coronation banquet; the Lord Mayor in
Westminster Abbey; the Royal entry; 20th century Coronations.

The Foyle Fishery Case

T.E. Chester Barratt

29 June 1953

The Irish Society’s
legal battle in the High Court of Justice, Dublin, in 1948 to put a stop to
extensive poaching of the Society’s fisheries in Northern Ireland by poachers
based in Eire; details of the intricacies of the legal case, which turned
into the Society’s defence of its right to the fisheries; doctrine of
historical impossibility and invoking of Magna Carta; the Society’s attempt
to prove its uninterrupted possession of the fishery and the unfortunate
wording of the Society’s 1662 charter; the Bishop of Derry’s fishings since
1676; the Society’s loss of the case, but the positive outcome of this;
establishment of the Joint Ulster-Eire Fishery Board to clear out the
poachers and control the fishery, which could never have happened without the
legal case.

Gog and Magog

P.E. Jones LL.B, F.R.Hist.S.

30 November 1953

Giants in folklore; use
of giants in City pageants from 1413; use of giants in pageants in other
English cities in the Middle Ages; use of the names Gogmagog and Corineus for
the City giants from the mid-16th century, to recall the legendary
foundation of London by Brutus as New Troy; the legend of Gogmagog and
Corineus; corruption of the names to Gog and Magog by 1700; setting up of the
figures in Guildhall in 1672 and again by Richard Saunders in 1709; work and
life of Saunders; destruction of the figures in the bombing of 29 December
1940; replacement of them at the expense of Sir George Wilkinson by David
Evans FRBS; details of Evans’s other work; details of the new figures, then
[1953] about to be temporarily moved for the restoration of the Guildhall

Blackfriars Bridge

P.E. Jones LL.B,

29 March 1954

London Bridge the only
crossing until the 18th century; Corporation’s opposition to
proposed bridges at Vauxhall, 1721, Putney, 1729 and Westminster, 1736 as Conservators
of the River Thames; its promotion of an Act for a Blackfriars Bridge in
1756; tolls and the financing of the Bridge (not initially Bridge House);
Robert Myle’s design; bridge opened 1769; technical problems; access roads
across St George’s Fields and their subsequent development; removal of toll
1785; repairs in 1833; damage caused by scouring due to building of new
London Bridge 1825-1831; Cubitt’s new Blackfriars Bridge, built 1864-1869;
opening by Queen Victoria 1869.

An Account of Some City Printers

The Rt. Hon. Lord
Ebbisham TD

31 May 1954

Author’s attendance at
festival in Mainz in 1940 to commemorate 500 of printing; printing in London
since Caxton in the 15th century; office of City Printer from 16th
century; selection of printed proclamations issued by the Corporation;
unpopularity and excesses of Lord Mayor Henry Winchester, a Stationer;
long-standing family printing firms in the City; the author’s firm’s handling
of numbering of bank-notes and printing of clothing coupons.

Water Supply of London

Col. W.W. Dove CBE, TD,

27 September 1954

Water supply in the
City since Roman times, from the Thames, springs and wells; the Great Conduit
in Cheapside, built in 1274 supplied from Tyburn in lead pipes and its
maintenance; construction of other public conduits, some by charitable
bequests, including Whittington’s; 16th century visits by the Lord
Mayor to the conduit heads at Tyburn, Paddington and Marylebone, and the
erection of rooms for dinners, including the construction of the Lord Mayor’s
Banqueting House, north of Oxford Street at the Tyburn conduit head; guild of
Water Bearers from 1496; Peter Morice’s water wheel at London Bridge from
1582 and the London Bridge Water Works; Hugh Myddelton’s New River from
Chadwell and Amwell in Hertfordshire and the New River Company, incorporated
1619; growth of water companies 17th-19th centuries;
piped water; 20th century Water Board; discovery of Roman wooden
water pipe at the Walbrook temple of Mithras.

The London Charterhouse

Paul Paget

17 January 1955

Sir Walter de Manny’s
purchase of the site for the burial of plague victims in 1349 and the
erection of a chapel on the ground; establishment of Carthusian monks on the
site in 1371; layout of the monastery; detailed account of the rediscovery of
Walter de Manny’s grave following the destruction of the site by enemy action
in the Second World War and his reburial; monastery sold by Henry VIII to
Lord North in 1545; its destruction and the building of a palace from the
remains; sale of the house to Thomas Sutton in 1611; foundation of Sutton’s
Hospital and  School under charter of James I.

Underground Waterways of London

Col. C.C.O. Whiteley

18 April 1955

Geology and geography
of London area; springs and 17th-18th century
fashionable spas; details of the Westbourne, Ty Bourne, Hole-bourne or Fleet
and Wall Brook or Walbrook, with special emphasis on the last two.

The Surrender of the Sword

P.E. Jones LL.B.,

11 July 1955

Common misconception of
the Sovereign asking permission to enter the City; description of modern
ceremony and its development since the 14th century; royal gifts
of swords and their symbolism in London and elsewhere; the Swordbearer;
descriptions of royal entries 16th – 19th centuries.

The Development of Hall Marks on London Silver

A. Charles Trinder MA

14 November 1955

Hallmarks and their
introduction to England from France in 1300 for towns of origin; Goldsmiths’
Company to administer the system; makers’ marks added 1363; date mark from
1478 and the reasons for it; alterations in marks, especially from 1697 when
the silver plate shortage was addressed; restoration of old sterling standard
in 1720; new mark for duty 1784-1890; hallmarks for foreign plate; 20th
century coronation marks; the necessity of counting the spoons after this

The City Records

W.E. Sykes MC, JP

30 January 1956

Historical imitations
of access to the City’s archives; letters requesting access from Thomas
Carlyle and Thomas Babington Macaulay MP; the Corporation’s care and custody
of the archives since the Middle Ages; the Town Clerk as Keeper of the
Records since the 15th century; recent measures to exclude
atmospheric pollution; staff of the Records Office in 1956; scope of the
records; publications; status of the Records Office.

The Silk Industry

Deputy S.R. Walker CBE

30 April 1956

Origins of sericulture
in China in 2640 BC; its introduction into England in the 14th
century; silk women in the City 14th – 16th century and
their decline in the face of increasing industrialisation; Huguenot silk
weavers in London in 17th century; developments in production
culminating in the Jacquard loom in the early 19th century; silk
manufacture moving out of London after 1773; blow to British manufacture
after introduction of free trade in 1860; use of silk in First World War and
concentration of 90% of raw silk production being in Japanese hands in 1939;
introduction of nylon and rayon as silk substitutes; last English producer of

The City Justices and Justice Rooms

Alderman C.J. Harman

29 October 1956

Responsibility of
Aldermen for peace and good order in their Wards; Lord Mayors as Keepers of
the Peace and development of Aldermen as ex officio JPs; possible
origin of the Lord Mayor’s Justice Room in the 15th century;
history and description of the Mansion House and Guildhall Justice Rooms and
the types of cases heard in them; the current excellence of the Aldermen as

The Swordbearer

T. Kingsley Collett CBE

31 December 1956

Swordbearer as first
Esquire to the Lord Mayor; origins lost in history, but certainly in evidence
in the early 15th century; appointment of office-holder by various
bodies until his nomination became a perquisite of the Lord Mayor; fees of
the office up to the early 19th century; duties, authority and
customs associated with the office; list of Swordbearers.

[First meeting of the
GHA at the Mansion House, according to text.]

The History of the Thames Watermen

Ian E. Philp

29 April 1957

Long history of
watermen and lightermen on the Thames; Royal use of them; Acts to regulate
them from the 16th century; Lord Mayor’s water procession
introduced in 1454; Watermen and Lightermen’s Company from 1559; types of
boats, cargoes and work; threats to the trade from coaches from the 16th
century, bridges from the 18th century and steamers from the 19th
century; Doggett’s Coat and Badge Race, established 1715; modern licensed

Royal Commissions and Committees of Enquiry
Touching the Corporation of London

Wentworth L Rowland

30 December 1957

Forthcoming Royal Commission
on the Government of the Metropolis; earlier Commissions, their
recommendations and results: 1833 Municipal Corporations Commission, 1854
Commission on the Existing State of the Corporation of London, later
Commissions in 1861, 1866, 1867 and 1884; establishment of the London County
Council in 1889; 1893 Amalgamation of the City and County of London
Commission; 1921 Commission; continuing uniqueness of the City.

History of Inflation

A.J. Osborn

31 March 1958

Causes and
inevitability of inflation; increase in prices from Babylonian times onwards;
new supplies of gold and silver from the Americas into Spain in the 16th
century and the enormous inflation caused by it; shortage of coin in the 17th
century and adoption of paper money in the North American colonies; paper
currency inflation in the 17th century; French Revolution and
paper money; financing of the First World War by inflation, followed by
period of deflation in UK and America; disastrous inflation in Germany
following the War; measures since then to control inflation; City’s historic
role in the country’s economy.

Magna Carta

Douglas R.H. Hill MA

30 June 1958

The recent return to
the Corporation of an inspeximus of Magna Carta of 1300 by the Public
Record Office in 1958; Magna Carta 1215 and its subsequent re-issues; the
City’s 1297 Magna Carta and other copies elsewhere in the world; the 1300
inspeximus and its background; the 1833 Municipal Corporations Royal
Commission and the ensuing copying of the City’s charters by Thomas Duffus
Hardy; how the 1300 inspeximus went missing from the Corporation and ended up
in the Public Record Office; the Corporation’s current care of its archives.

The Theatre and the City of London

Alan S. Lamboll

30 September 1958

Development of theatre
in spite of, not because of, the Corporation’s opposition; growth of groups
of players under patrons’ badges in the 16th century; conflict
over regulation and suppression of plays between the Corporation and the
Privy Council in the 16th century; control passed to the Master of
the Revels, a member of the Royal Household subordinate to the Lord
Chamberlain’s in 1573; building of James Burbage’s Theatre outside the City
in Shoreditch in 1576 and the Curtain Playhouse nearby in 1577; use of part
of old Blackfriars Monastery as a theatre by the Master of the Revels;
Henslowe’s Rose Theatre on Bankside, 1587; Swan Theatre, Old Paris Gardens,
Bankside, 1593; the Globe Theatre, Bankside, 1597; Hope Theatre, Bankside,
1613; other theatres built before 1640; siting of the Guildhall School of
Music and Drama near the site of the Dorset Gardens Theatre; Bernard Miles’s
Mermaid Theatre at Puddle Dock [opened 1959]; Corporation’s reversal of its
historic anti-theatrical stance in its future approval of a theatre in the
new Barbican development.

Common Crier and Serjeant-at-Arms

P.E. Jones LL.B., FSA

29 December 1958

Lord Mayor’s Esquires;
the Crystal Sceptre and subsequent City maces, borne by the Serjeant-at-Arms,
who also acted as Common Crier; Serjeant-at-Arms’s house, duties and emoluments;
use of maces in England since the Middle Ages; use of insignia in the City;
list of office-holders.

The Office of Sheriff of the City of London

Major T. Guy F.
Richardson, Deputy

31 March 1959

Origin of the office as
Saxon Portreeve in the eleventh century; royal charters relating to the
shrievalty in the Middle Ages; historic and current shrieval elections and
full details of their ceremonial; Under-Sheriffs; duties and role of the

The Barbican – In Retrospect

Deputy Eric F Wilkins

29 June 1959

Continuing desolation
of the Barbican area after the War; history of the area and the Ward of
Cripplegate Without; details of the history of its six principal streets:
Barbican, Beech Street/Lane, Red Cross Street, Whitecross Street, Grub Street
(now Milton Street) and Tenter Street;

The Old Bailey

Victor Durand QC

31 August 1959

City’s gates used as
prisons; seven centuries of appalling conditions in Newgate Gaol;
Whittington’s Newgate and subsequent charitable bequests to the gaol; flagrant
breaches of regulations and extortion by keepers and turnkeys; the adjacent
Sessions House; George Dance’s new gaol and sessions house in the 1770s;
Gordon Riots 1780; public executions move from Tyburn to outside Newgate in
1784 until abolished in 1868; reforms in punishments and prisons; new
Sessions House 1907;  current crime levels and work of the Old Bailey.

City of London Police

C.F. Lewis

1 December 1959

Brief history of City
policing since 1066; watch and ward and constables; 1737 Act and nightly
watch and its influence on Peel’s Metropolitan Police Force, 1829; attempts
to amalgamate the City’s police with it strenuously resisted by the
Corporation; City of London Police Act 1839; buildings and establishment;
Houndsditch Murders and Siege of Sydney Street, 1910; traffic lights, 1930;
inter-force communications; Second World War; organisation of and changes in
City Police since 1949; women PCs; mounted police; dogs; cadets; specialist
branches, including Fraud Squad; current difficulties in recruitment.

City Street Names

H.T. Pike

29 February 1960

Oddities in City street
names; those inspired by City defences, streams, markets, religious houses,
geography, trades and crafts, property owners, famous people, royalty and inn
signs; ad hoc process of street naming in Middle Ages and since.

City Banqueting

Alderman Robert I.

30 May 1960

Long City history of
feasts and good cheer; Livery Company dinners; Mayor’s feasts in their own
homes before Mansion House built; Audit and Lighting-Up Dinners; famous
Corporation dinners; royal entertainments in the City.

Development, Organisation and Administration of the
Port of London

T. Kingsley Collett CBE

29 August 1960

Port of London
Authority since 1908; personnel, constitution and work of the PLA respecting
Thames conservancy and operation of the closed docks; staff of the PLA,
including the Dock Labour force; engineering works and development; Second
World War damage and its aftermath; finances of the PLA; trade in the Port of
London and table of tonnages handled since 1931, including some specific

The Growth of London

P.E. Jones LL.B., FSA

7 November 1960

Growth of London,
especially the initial expansion outside the City walls in Tudor times; area
of the Bills of Mortality; 16th and 17th century maps
and surveys; paving of roads; population and density; main causes of growth;
efforts to limit growth and their lack of effect; effects of the growth of
London; comparison with recent Royal Commission limiting the size of London,
and the probability of yet further growth.

From a Street Corner in Farringdon

Dudley S. Game

30 January 1961

Imaginative account of
what might have passed before a person standing at the corner of Newgate
Street and Old Bailey at various times from Roman times; Smithfield and St
Bartholomew’s Hospital; jousts at Smithfield; Bartholomew Fair; the meat
market; burning of heretics; Holborn Viaduct; Central Criminal Court; public
executions outside Newgate Gaol until 1868; Elizabeth Fry; Newgate Market;
Christ Church, Newgate; famous occupants of the area.

The City of London School

David L. Clackson MBE

29 May 1961

John Carpenter’s
bequest 1442, and its enunciation in the will of John Don, 1477; Warren
Stormes Hale and the establishment of the City of London School in Milk
Street in 1837; School’s successes; scholarships and benefactions; move to
Embankment in 1883; recent suggestions to rusticate the school; playing
fields; current successes.

Charles Dickens 1812-1870

Major Stanley W. Wells

31 July 1961

Brief biography of
Charles Dickens based on John Forster’s biography.

The Crypt of Guildhall

P.E. Jones LL.B., FSA

30 October 1961

Building and
alterations to the Great Hall of Guildhall since 1411; precursors of the 1411
Guildhall; suggests that the then ruined western crypt was under the pre-1411
Guildhall, and that the 1411 Guildhall was an extension, not a new-build, of
the former Guildhall eastwards, with evidence and plan; collapse of west
crypt in Fire of London 1666; evidence that the western crypt was built before
the eastern and the Great Hall; plea from the author not to damage the
western crypt further when the new Guildhall buildings facing Aldermanbury
are being built, and to look out for the foundations mentioned by Stow when
work was under way.

[Note at end of article
that the Court of Common Council agreed to restore the west crypt on 19
June 1969.]

The Chamber of London

Sir Irving Gane KCVO

29 January 1962

Examples of the work of
Chamberlains of London since the 14th century; the common round of
a mid-20th century Chamberlain’s work; ceremonial and outside
engagements; change in office hours; Chamberlain as banker and treasurer and
his direct access to the Bank of England; Chamberlain’s Court, City Freedom
and Livery Company matters; plate indenture; historic problems of
Chamberlain’s such as military expenditure in the 17th century;
the Great Fire of London 1666 and the coal duty; précis of the position of
the Chamberlain.

William Shakespeare – Citizen and Player

Roland Champness MA,

30 April 1962

Shakespeare in London
from about 1592; conjecture about the “lost years” 1584-1592; London’s
theatrical context; Shakespeare living in St Helen’s Bishopsgate c.
1596-1599; moving of Burbage’s theatre from Shoreditch to Bankside as The
Globe; growing success; living with the Mountjoys in St Olave’s Cripplegate;
his purchase of the gatehouse of the old Blackfriars priory (conveyance held
by Guildhall Library); his will, death and burial at Stratford; the
publication of his plays and his reputation.

The Coal Market

Alderman J. Lionel P.
Denny MC

23 November 1962

Current feelings on the
recent demolition of the Coal Exchange; various locations of coal marketing;
wealth and nature of coal trade; Corporation’s purchase of the Coal Exchange
under Act of Parliament of 1803, and free market thereafter; building of
Bunning’s new Coal Exchange in 1848; war damage to the building; subsequent
make-do-and-mend; changes in the coal trade overtaking the need for a central
coal exchange; proposals to demolish the building for road improvements and
detailed account of the fight to prevent it or re-locate the building;
possibility of future criticism of the Corporation for destroying a Bunning
masterpiece and comparison with Temple Bar, which has “raised its head again
and again”.

London: A City of Strangers (The Provincial Element
in Business)

Deputy Cuthbert

31 December 1962

Relatively short span
of medieval merchant families in London compared to the Continental cities,
and causative factors; substantial immigration from the provinces to London a
vital necessity and how it happened; the enormous numbers of successful
immigrants and examples; trades linked to places; county societies in London;
Yorkshire families continuing links in London, including the Skilbecks.

The History of Guildhall Museum

John G. Gapp DL

29 April 1963

Foundation of Museum in
1826 and its subsequent development; wartime evacuation of exhibits; post-war
increase in collections due to redevelopment and archaeology, but Museum
space colonised by Guildhall Library bookstacks to maintain library service;
temporary measures; 1912 Cheapside jewellery hoard and Treasure Trove laws in
the City; excavations at the Temple of Mithras, Bucklersbury; Bucklersbury
mosaic pavement; Livery Company collections; touring exhibitions; details of
the then impending merger between the Guildhall Museum and the London Museum
to form the Museum of London.


Alderman Sir Denis H.
Truscott GBE, TD

29 July 1963

Election at Common Hall
at Midsummer each year of 4 aleconners; office a sinecure since at least 1755
and no duties; medieval assize of ale and origin of aleconners; growth of
beer-making from the 14th century; attempts to regulate the trade
through City Companies; John Stow a 16th century aleconner; Surveyors
of Ale and Beer united in 16th century; diminishing income of
aleconners from late 18th century; aleconners in manors elsewhere;
constitutional oddities illustrated by the history of the aleconners.

1963 One Hundred Years of the Circle Line (or The
City Solicitor’s Dream Come True)

Deputy H.W. Keith
Calder CBE

2 October 1963

Opening of the first
underground railway in the world in 1863 between Paddington and Farringdon
Street, conceived by Charles Pearson, Common Councilman, MP and City
Solicitor 1839-1862; brief biography of Pearson and his achievements;
unfulfilled dream of City rail terminus in the Fleet valley for all trains
into London; Pearson’s work towards the Circle line instead, to link all the
London termini and relieve traffic congestion above ground; similarity of
London then and now; current digging of the new Victoria Line tunnels.

City Waits

Alan Lamboll

30 December 1963

Great popularity of
music in medieval London; origin of waits in the 13th century as
watchmen or guards; role in Midsummer Marching Watch; transition into
musicians in the 15th century; pay, duties and silver chains, 14th
-1 17th centuries; instruments and personnel; sale of offices in
the 18th century; waits allowed to run down; last wait died in

Notes on the History of the Corporation of Trinity
House, London

Sir Gilbert Davis, Bt.

6 April 1964

Origins lost in time;
Trinity Houses elsewhere in the UK and their purpose; connections with the
City from 16th century; royal charters and development of London
Trinity House from 16th century; Elder and Younger Brethren and
compulsory pilotage of shipping in London approach waters from 1604 Charter;
lighthouse jurisdiction; Commonwealth dissolution and Restoration
reconstitution; Samuel Pepys’s links with Trinity House and his foundation of
the Mathematical School at Christ’s Hospital in 1673; role in the 1797 Nore
Mutiny and 1803 threatened French invasion; lighthouse monopoly since 1836;
current work and role of Trinity House.

The Wooden Giants of Fleet Street

Lt-Col W.W. Dove CBE,

29 June 1964

Two giants which strike
the clock bells at the church of St Dunstan in the West; brief history of the
church and environment; Thomas Harrys’s new clock on the church in 1671, the
first to have minute as well as hour hands, and its fame throughout London;
the clock in literature; church rebuilt in 1830 when Fleet Street widened,
and clock sold to 3rd Marquis of Hereford for his new house, St
Dunstan’s, in what became Regent’s Park; clock removed, repaired and restored
to church by Lord Rothermere in 1935, the author’s firm removing and
re-erecting it; details of the condition of the clock and necessary repairs;
the giants’ favourable comparison with the Guildhall’s new Gog and Magog;
album of photographs of the restoration given to Guildhall Library.

Without the Walls

George M. Vine

31 August 1964

Why the City’s
jurisdiction did not expand to the whole Metropolis, in the light of the
impending creation of the Greater London Council; forces historically
diminishing the power of the Corporation; Royal Commission on Municipal
Corporations, 1837; 17th century expansion westwards, especially
after Fire of London in 1666; speculative builders; waves of new building and
factors affecting expansion; factors against the Corporation’s expansion of
jurisdiction; 19th century Royal Commissions, their
recommendations and the Corporation’s responses; new municipal reforms of

Transatlantic Threads

Alderman Gilbert S.
Inglefield TD, MA

30 November 1964

Links between London
citizens and America from the 16th century; the foundation of the
Virginia Colony at Jamestown in 1607; Virginia Company and the Common
Council’s sending of poor and vagrant children to Virginia in 1618-1619; 18th
century transportation and indentured servants sent from London to America;
London tea-merchant’s link with the Boston Tea-Party; City’s support for the
American rebels in 1775.

The Guildhall Art Gallery

Deputy Cuthbert

29 March 1965

Growth of Guildhall Art
Galleries collections from the 22 Fire Judges’ portraits commissioned by the
Corporation from Joseph Michael Wright c. 1672 and their subsequent history;
commissions and benefactions to the Permanent Collection; foundation of the
Guildhall Art Gallery in 1885 under Sir Alfred Temple; enormous success of
his loan exhibitions in 1890 and 1892; further acquisitions; Second World War
destruction of the Art Gallery; post-war make-do-and-mend and temporary
exhibitions; brief résumé of the best items in the Permanent Collection;
loans of pictures; plan for an art gallery in the proposed Barbican Centre.

The City Marshal

Deputy Cyril F. Lewis

31 May 1965

Ceremonial Officer of the Lord Mayor’s Household; City Marshal first
appointed in 1589 to apprehend vagabonds; wider duties of two City Marshals
relating to law and order from the early 17th century; marshalmen
and 18th century disputes as to their appointment; election in
Court of Common Council, admission in Court of Aldermen from 1778 and duties
since then, both in law enforcement and ceremonial duties; unification of
office into one person from 1862; current duties; list of office-holders
since 1589.

The Drinking Habits at Greek and Roman Banquets

A.J.B. Rutherford CBE

30 November 1965

Development of the
culinary arts in ancient Greece; dining habits and furniture; design of
drinking cups; etiquette; oblations and dedications of successive cups of
wine to the gods; wreaths and perfumes associated with wine-drinking; toasts;
president of the feast; richer wines with desserts; Pliny the Younger’s
description of a cheap-skate’s dinner; continuation of many ancient usages

New Light on the Great Fire

P.E. Jones OBE, LL.B.,

31 January 1966

Grand plans for the
aftermath of the fire not practical for the City merchant; private rebuilding
after the Fire; Mills, Hooke and Oliver appointed surveyors under the
Rebuilding Act 1667; brief biographies of the three; their work; Mills’ and
Oliver’s surveys now in Guildhall Library; private sector rebuilding
substantially complete by 1671; difference in speed of rebuilding between
1666 and 1946; lack of insurance in 1666; the Fire Court and its  Decrees;
use of these in proving Corporation title to parcels of land currently.

Royal Occasions: How the City Greeted Monarchs in
the 15th and 17th Centuries

Norman L. Hall MBE,

31 October 1966

Concentrates on royal
entries of Henry V after Agincourt in 1415 and Charles II’s birthday entrance
on the Restoration in 1660; a sketch of the City in 1415; celebrations of the
victory at Agincourt from the moment it was announced; Henry V’s journey from
Dover; very detailed account of City of London’s 1415 pageant; differences in
the City by 1660, despite similarity of route; Restoration procession and
celebrations in 1670.

College Hill

Ralph W. Peacock MA

29 December 1966

Curious numbering of
premises in College Hill; historically one of the more important streets,
linking the southern pair of the four main east/west routes through the City
(Thames Street and Watling Street); rich area in the Middle Ages, occupied by
Whittington; description of the area; foundation of Whittington College, St
Michael Paternoster Royal, 1424-1548; developments and successive houses on
the site of Whittington’s house; Turners’ Hall and Almshouses; Mercers’
School House; Tower Royal.

The Ceremony of the Quit Rent Services

(Royal Courts of Justice, Court X (Judges’
Quadrangle): Thursday October 21st 1965 Address by the Queen’s
Remembrancer, Master [Claude] Grundy)

Lt-Col and Alderman Sir
Ian Bowater DSO, TD

30 January 1967

Quit rent ceremony the
oldest in England after the Coronation; Corporation payment of the quit rent
to the Crown for a piece of waste ground called the Moors in Shropshire and a
tenement called the Forge in the parish St Clement Danes for past 750 years,
paid in early times by sub-tenants; historic ceremonial of Lord Mayor and
retinue going to Court of Exchequer in Westminster by boat to pay the quit
rent; from 1859, rendered to Queen’s Remembrancer, by Comptroller and City
Solicitor, not in the presence of the Lord Mayor again until 1965; brief
history of the Queen’s Remembrancer; details of the land relating to the quit
rent, firstly in the parish of Erdington, two miles north of Bridgenorth,
Shropshire, and the historic payments of the quit rent of one weak/blunt and
one sharp knife (later a billhook and hatchet) for it, secondly Walter le
Brun’s forge in the Strand (near Australia House site) from 1235, at rent of
6 horseshoes and nails per annum, the same 6 horseshoes and 61 nails having
been used by the Corporation to pay the rent for 560 years;

New Court – St Swithin’s Lane

Deputy T.E. Chester Barratt

31 July 1967

History of one piece of
Corporation property (currently HQ of Rothschild’s merchant bank, New Court,
St Swithin’s Lane, there since 1809) which has been in its hands for six
centuries; details of ownership of the property 1346-1359, when the
Corporation acquired it; details of tenants since 1359; plan of property in
1772; possibility of such site pedigrees to be compiled from the records of
the City Lands and Bridge House preserved at Guildhall.

The Office of City Remembrancer

P.E. Jones OBE, LL.B.,

30 October 1967

Imminent retirement of
the present Remembrancer, Sir Paul Davie; brief biography of Thomas Norton,
first Remembrancer, appointed in 1571; initial duties of the office;
Elizabeth I’s patronage of the second Remembrancer, Dr. Giles Fletcher; the
Remembrancia; attempts by the Court of Aldermen to abolish the post in the
mid-17th century; sale of office in 18th century; 20th
century Remembrancers, including a thumb-nail sketch of the then
Remembrancer, Sir Paul Davie; list of office-holders.

Reconstruction of the Guildhall, in Particular the
Roof 1953-54

Alderman the Rt. Hon.
Lord Mais OBE, ERD, TD, DL

29 January 1968

Guildhall roofs
1411-1666, 1668-1864, 1864-1940, 1941-1953 and Sir Giles Gilbert Scott’s new
roof, built 1953-1954; irregularity of existing columns; necessity and
engineering details of strengthening foundations of columns before new roof
could be built; all work done between Lord Mayor’s Days; account of the
roof-building; keenness of workmen to work on Guildhall, even without
productivity bonuses.

The Changing City

Peter A. Revell-Smith

29 April 1968

The City as a market;
changing its skin every 120 years: the increasing size of buildings and
building phases; impact of railways; in 1945 one third of the City in ruins;
to expedite redevelopment, Corporation in 1968 owned one tenth of the City;
redevelopment units and new roads; major changes and future trends: offices
replacing warehouses, increasing specialisation in financial sector; increase
of containerisation instead of barge traffic, improvements in electronic
communications; some predictions for the future.

The Baltic Mercantile and Shipping Exchange

Alderman Charles
Trinder MA

29 July 1968

Baltic’s uniqueness as
an international shipping exchange; dealing by word of mouth; location and
building; business undertaken in the Baltic Exchange, comprising shipping,
dealing in grain, oilseeds and oils and aircraft chartering; importance of
the Baltic Exchange and the experience of those working on it.

The Whitbread Story – The History of the Chiswell
Street Brewery

Deputy Cuthbert

31 December 1968

Background and
biography of Samuel Whitbread and his setting up of his brewery in 1742;
brewing in the Chiswell Street area; Whitbread’s use of the latest in
engineering innovations; royal visit by George III and Queen Charlotte;
Samuel Whitbread II and his partnership with Martineau and Bland of Lambeth;
subsequent family members in the business; links with mayoralty coach and

A Friend of Liberty

Alderman Sir Edward
Howard Bt.

31 March 1969

Brief biography of John
Wilkes and his civic and political career; The North Briton and
Wilkes’ arrest for seditious libel; his repeated clashes with government and
his popularity; 1769 his most important year; Wilkes as a Liveryman,
Alderman, Sheriff, Lord Mayor and Chamberlain; mellowing with age; summary of
his character and accomplishments; the then current exhibition on him at the
British Museum.

The Courts Leet in Southwark

Ralph W. Peacock MA

30 June 1969

Vestiges of the
Corporation’s jurisdiction in Southwark; keeping of the Peace in Southwark
from 14th century; brief history of the City’s jurisdiction in
Southwark, especially the 1550 charter and the passing of the manors to the
City; very detailed account of the procedure of Courts Leet; incipient
publication of [David Johnson’s] book [Southwark and the City].


Samuel Sheppard OBE

5 November 1969

Earliest origins of
Billingsgate Market as a general market in the roomland adjacent to the
wharf; Queenhithe v. Billingsgate in the early medieval period; constant
river and land traffic congestion; ferry from Billingsgate to Gravesend;
bum-boats; author’s personal recollections of Billingsgate Market since 1918.

The Office of Deputy Keeper of the Records

P.E. Jones OBE, LL.B.,
FSA [Deputy Keeper of the Records]

17 March 1970

Town Clerk as Keeper of
the Records; background to the establishment of the office of what became the
Deputy Keeper of the Records in 1860-1875; RR Sharpe and AH Thomas, the first
2 office-holders; personal recollections of the author; the expansion of his
office beyond the Town Clerk’s Department; the work of the archivist; the
Corporation as an archive authority; Guildhall Library Manuscripts Section
and the Corporation of London Records Office; author’s opinions on the
possible future amalgamation of the two.

Fraud in Companies and Firms

Alderman Kenneth Cork

29 June 1970

Author’s experience in
the field of bankruptcy; types of fraud and examples of real cases, current
and historic.

The Day the Bus Jumped the Bridge

Deputy T.E. Chester
Barratt MA, LL.B.

30 November 1970

Development of the
larger legend; London bus becomes stuck across the opening bascules of Tower
Bridge on 31 December 1952; press coverage; aftermath; causes of the

The Charity that Never Asks for Money

Colonel Sir Cullum
Welch, Bt., OBE, MC

30 March 1971

Morden College,
Blackheath, its building and establishment by John Morden, a City Goldsmith,
in 1695; brief biography of John Morden; Court of Aldermen as Trustees from
1884 and reasons for the change; maintenance of beneficiaries in College and
as out-pensioners.

The Southwark Comptor

Wallis G.G. Hunt

7 July 1971

City’s historic links
with Southwark; prisons in Southwark; the City’s Compter in Southwark and its
history since 1550; conditions in the Compter; rules and regulations;
offences and inmates; establishment of the Metropolitan Police in 1840 and subsequent
cessation of the Aldermen sitting as Justices in Southwark; end of the
Compter in 1852 and its demolition in 1855.

Sounds that Hurt Not

Alderman Sir Gilbert
Inglefield GBE, TD, MA, D.Sc.

24 November 1971

Public musical concerts
in the City from their beginnings in 17th century City inns;
private concerts and patrons; Restoration recital halls; 18th
century popularity of opera and establishment of concert halls; standards of
singing and playing; ideal design of a concert hall; current development of
Barbican Arts Centre.

The Gates of the City A Method of Defence

Alderman Hugh Wontner

31 January 1972

City walls and their
history, in London and elsewhere; gates and posterns in London’s City wall;
defence measures in the Middle Ages; the gates in use for defence and
celebrations, residences and prisons; Liberties without the walls; Temple
Bar; the sale of gates in the 18th century.

The City of London School – Some Early Benefactions

Deputy A.G. Coulson MA,

31 July 1972

Sir Polydore de Keyser’s
gift of fruit on the move of the School to Victoria Embankment in 1883; John
Carpenter and his bequests; brief history of the School’s establishment;
Alderman David Salomon’s fight to be admitted as an Alderman and his bequest;
Baron Lionel de Rothschild’s scholarship; Henry Beaufoy’s benefactions; The
scholarship and how it came about in detail in 1840.

Mayoral Heraldry

A. Colin Cole BCL, MA

30 October 1972

Earliest grant of arms
by a King of Arms to the Drapers’ Company in 1439; symbolism of arms and
their appropriateness to the grantee; canting arms; changes to London
Citizens’ arms as they advanced in their civic careers; concentration on the
period 1790-1850; examples of arms and inclusion of Crystal Sceptre and
Mayoral insignia in them; recent Lord Mayors’ arms.

Some Bridge House Estates in Deptford

Deputy Dudley S Game

29 January 1973

Deptford in history;
its development from the time of Henry VIII; establishment of Trinity House
and Naval Dockyard there; Peter the Great of Russia’s visit to Deptford and
the dockyards; establishment of the Royal Victualling Yard in 1742; John
Evelyn and his introduction of Grinling Gibbons to Sir Christopher Wren;
Pepys’ mentions of Deptford; brief account of the origin of the Bridge House
Estates; Bridge House Estates in Lewisham, Ladywell and Brockley; John
Clifford’s bequest of “le Christopher on le Hoop” (later the Dover Castle) an
inn in Deptford; the Swan; the Royal Oak (later the Centurion); land near the
Earl’s Sluice on the Rotherhithe side of Deptford; sale of most of the Bridge
House lands in Deptford to various dock and navigation companies in the 19th

Royal Hospitals in the City of London

Sir Lionel Denny GBE,
MC, D.Sc.

19 July 1973

Thomas Vicary and the
union of the Barbers’ and the Surgeons’ Companies in 1540; pre-Reformation
religious houses for the care of the sick; establishment of St Bartholomew’s,
Bethlem, Christ’s and St Thomas’s Hospitals and Bridewell, and their
histories since the mid-16th century; expenditure and governance
of them by the Corporation; King Edward’s School, Witley; 1946 National
Health Service Act; the current situation.

The Lord Mayor’s Banquet

Alderman Sir Hugh
Wontner CVO

29 October 1973

History of the
ceremonial and celebration accompanying the admission of each new Lord Mayor
of London; Lord Mayors’ banquets attended by the Sovereign; security; food
and drink; entertainments; toasts; invitation cards and menus.

The Ward of Bread Street

Alderman H. Murray Fox

29 April 1974

Common background of
all Wards in the City; brief history of Bread Street Ward and its boundaries;
Assize of Bread and bread trade in the ward; Goldsmith’s Row, Cheapside; inns
during the 16th and early 17th centuries; Livery
Company halls in the ward; Admiral Phillip, 1st Governor of New
South Wales, Australia and his links with the ward; effects of the industrial
revolution after 1750 and the textile trade in the Ward up to 1940;
subsequent dominance of financial institutions; railways and electoral
reform; detailed account of the Bread Street Wardmote of 1836.

The City’s Cash Account of 1632-33

J.M. Keith TD [Chief

30 July 1974

Corporation’s finances
as Bridge House, City’s Cash and Rates Funds; earliest surviving City’s Cash
account for 1632-33; 17th century accounting procedures; the
Orphans’ Fund; debts due to the City; income, mostly from property;
disbursements; other headings within the account; serious financial
difficulties of the Chamber at the time.

The Place of Pewter in History

Deputy Ralph W. Peacock

18 September 1974

Definitions of pewter
and differences between different kinds; prehistoric and Roman use of metals;
uses of pewter from the Middle Ages; Pewterers’ Company from the 14th
century and its powers; causes of the disappearance of old pewter; decrease
of pewter from 18th century; modern commemorative pewter,

Whittington’s Longhouse

Alderman Alan Lamboll

29 April 1975

Longhouse (public
toilet) and almshouses over it in Vintry Ward, one of the lesser-known of
Richard Whittington’s benefactions; structure of the longhouse and tenants of
almshouses until early 17th century, when the almshouses were
probably converted into warehousing; destruction in the 1666 Fire of London
and John Oliver’s sketch of the longhouse; reduction in size after the Fire;
Ward complaints to the Corporation for not maintaining the terms of
Whittington’s bequest in late 17th century; Viewers’ report
describing it in 1690; lessees of the site and the gradual disappearance of
the public convenience; post-World War II redevelopment and the disappearance
of the site, which was on the doorstep of the new Public Cleansing Depot;
sketch plan of the longhouse, 1671.

[This article, by PE
Jones, was first published in the London Topographical Record vol.
XXIII, pp. 27-34 and the GHA acknowledges the London Topographical Society’s
permission to reproduce it.]

The Court of Husting

Norman L. Hall MBE,

29 July 1975

Court of Husting
Meeting on 5 November 1974; history of the Court from the 10th
century; business of the Court in medieval times and its gradual decrease in
use due to changes in law over the centuries; advantages of registration of
deeds in Court of Husting; land registration; enrolment of wills in the Court
of Husting; fire in Royal Exchange in 1838 and destruction of enrolments

The Civic and Financial City

Alderman Sir Robert
Bellinger GBE D.Sc.

30 September 1975

Changes to the City
over the past century; striking decline in resident population and its
causes; development of financial services with the Industrial Revolution and
development of the British Empire; changes in local government; the City as
an independent financial centre; the 20th century and the effects
of two world wars; the author’s opinions about convergence of civic and
financial aspects of the City if the City is to survive and prosper in the
then current political context.

Dr Reginald R. Sharpe DCL and the Establishment of
the Corporation of London Records Office

Betty R. Masters BA,

29 June 1976

History of
record-keeping within the Corporation from the 13th century; work
of William Turner Alchin in the 1840s; appointment of RR Sharpe as the first
archivist 1876-1914 and the background to the appointment; the ordeal of the
interviewing process; duties and office-holders since 1876; brief biography
of Sharpe and his character; conditions for researchers and staff and
Sharpe’s complaints; his prodigious output and the debt owed to him by his

[Adapted from a longer
article, “Local Archivist 1876-1914: Dr Reginald R Sharpe”, Journal of the
Society of Archivists,
vol. 5, pp. 275-282.]

Jubilee Celebrations 1809-1935

Betty R. Masters BA,

29 March 1977

Religious origins of
the word “jubilee”; first use in a UK royal context in 1809 for 50th
anniversary of the accession of George III; unpopularity of this jubilee in
some quarters; details of Queen Victoria’s 1887 and 1897 jubilees; George V’s
25 year jubilee in 1935; forthcoming 25 year jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II in

The Royal Contract Estates

James Mansfield Keith

28 June 1977

Importance of land and
property to the Corporation; pre-eminence of its City Lands Committee; the
Chamber of London as Royal banker; royal debt to the City at £350,000 by
1627/28; Royal Contract and the transfer of royal land to the Corporation to sell
in lieu of the debt; extent of Royal Contract Estates throughout the country;
new Committee to administer them; descriptions of estates in Leeds and
Northumbria; Civil War affected scale of sales; final sales not made until
beginning of 18th century; remaining estate (Conduit Mead, around
New Bond Street).

The Commission of Lieutenancy 1617-1977

Deputy Sir Thomas
Kingsley Collett CBE

29 November 1977

History of the
Commission itself, not the trained bands or militia from the first recorded
commission in 1617; laying of foundations of modern Commission by 1662 Act;
association of Aldermen with Commission; intervals between issuing of
Commissions, and numbers of people on it from 17th century to
date; decrease in numbers requested by Edward VII; reforms in 1950s and
1960s, especially in 1967.

The Lost Library of the Barber Surgeons’ Company of
London and Dr Richard Mead

Richard Theodore Beck

31 January 1978

Sale of the library to
John Whiston in 1751 for £18 following the splitting of the Barbers from the
Surgeons in 1745; detailed history of the library and its buildings
1440-1751; Whiston probably an agent for Dr Richard Mead (1673-1754);
biography of Mead and sale of his library after his death.

The City and the Temples

James Mansfield Keith

30 May 1978

Brief history of the
Templars and the Temple; boundary disputes with the City of London; Temple’s
transfer to the Hospitallers in 1324 and the start of its occupation by
lawyers of the Inner and Middle Temple until their dissolution on 1540;
Temple charter 1608; jurisdictional and voting disputes with the City;
summary of modern responsibilities of Temple and City.

The Common Hunt and the Doghouse

Deputy Matthew Henry
Oram TD, MA

31 October 1978

Common Hunt the 3rd
of the Lord Mayor’s Esquires until post abolished in 1807; duties; City’s
rights of hunting in Essex; keeping and types of breed of the City’s hounds
since 14th century; locations of the Doghouse; Common Hunts
additional duties as dog-catcher and –killer, especially in times of plague;
account of a 1562 hunt; venison warrants; disappearance of City’s hounds by
mid-18th century; list of office-holders.

The Lord Mayor’s “View of the Thames”

Alderman Sir Hugh
Walter Kingwell Wontner GBE, CVO, D.Litt.

31 January 1979

4 existing boundary
stones marking the limits of the City’s jurisdiction over the Thames
Conservancy until 1857 at Staines, Leigh, Yantlett and Upnor; maintenance of
the stones through the centuries; Lord Mayor’s periodic visits (“views”) to
the stones in great ceremony to maintain the jurisdiction; brief history of
the Thames Conservancy and duties of Waterbailiff; Conservancy Courts;
narrative descriptions of late 18th/early 19th century
views, especially that of 1796.

Richard Whittington

Alan Seymour Lamboll

29 May 1979

The popular story of
Dick Whittington; recent research on him and the development of the legend;
biography of Whittington, his business, municipal career and loans to the
Crown; his property and liquid assets; his charitable benefactions, will and

The Development of the Post of City Architect and
Planning Officer 1478-1965

Deputy Richard Theodore

31 October 1979

First appointment of
the Master of the City’s Works and his duties 15th – 17th
centuries; the challenge of rebuilding after the 1666 Fire of London; George
Dance the Elder and Younger over 80 years in the post; William Mountague and
his work 1816-1843; JB Bunning and his work 1843-1863; Horace Jones and his
work from1863; his successors to 1965.

The Early History of the City’s Plate

Norman Harry Harding

29 January 1980

Sir Crisp Gascoyne the
first Lord Mayor to live at Mansion House in 1752; plate stored there since;
annual plate indenture; growth of Corporation’s plate 16th – early
18th century; bequests since 18th century; details of
the Lord Mayor’s Collar of SS and jewel; former habit of refashioning plate;
famous pieces.

The History of Tower Bridge

David Lawrence Clackson

29 April 1980

Problems of limited
Thames Crossings before the mid 19th century; tolls; proposals for
new crossing east of London Bridge in later 19th century;
construction of Tower Bridge 1886-1894 and its formal opening; the machinery;
changes in river traffic; closure of high-level walkway in 1909; current
possibility of new crossing still further east.

Music in the City

Deputy Wilfrid Dewhirst

30 September 1980

City Waits; events
leading to the foundation of what became the Guildhall School of Music and
Drama in 1880; premises of the School; students and fees; Gresham Lectures;
Corporation patronage for non-Corporation events.

Life in the City in 1900

Alderman Ronald Arthur
Ralph Hedderwick

31 March 1981

Contrasts between then
and 1981; types of buildings; street cleansing; office practice and
equipment; telephones, trains and tube; holidays and excursions; cost of
living; City Imperial Volunteers 1900; major civic buildings; clubs; Lloyd’s;
the author’s opinions on the camaraderie of business in the City in the past
and the slipping standards of the present time.

The Wedding of the Prince of Wales: Celebrations in
the City in 1863

Betty R Masters BA, FSA

30 June 1981

The marriage of Edward,
Prince of Wales to Princess Alexandra of Denmark in 1863; Corporation’s
celebrations of the event and its historical precedents since the 14th
century; speed of arrangements; details of the City’s reception to the royal
couple 7 March 1863; its gift to the bride; commemorative medal; extension of
buildings in Guildhall Yard for the ball of 8 June 1863; specially-made china
for the event auctioned off afterwards.

The Royal Marines and the City

Deputy John Trevor
Yates MBE

29 September 1981

Origin of the Corps in
1664; uniform; late 17th century Anglo-Dutch wars; drumming up
recruits; City privileged regiments; nicknames; capture of Gibraltar 1704; Royal
Marines’ badge; Langham’s Charity for Soldiers and Sailors; Royal Marine
(City of London) Reserve; post-World War II links with the City.

The Post-War Planning of Public Houses with
Particular Reference to the City of London

Bernard Joseph Brown

30 March 1982

Government attempts to
control alcohol sales for 400 years; licences since 1552; changing numbers of
public houses in the City; the Morris Committee and reforms of 1944;
Licensing Planning Committee, its duties and responsibilities; work of its
City Sub-Committee since 1949; ratios of licensed premises to population;
drinking habits; the current situation.

John Carpenter. A Famous Town Clerk 1417-1438

Deputy Alexander George
Coulson MA, LL.B.

29 June 1982

John Carpenter, his
life, times and the City context in which he lived; his compilation of Liber
; his executorship of the will of Richard Whittington; rebuilding of
Newgate Prison and Guildhall Library; Carpenter’s Children and the background
to the establishment of the City of London School.

Roman London and British India

Deputy Ralph Warren
Peacock CBE, MA

30 November 1982

The author’s view of
the similarities between Roman London and British India; colonisation by
armies of larger empires; revolts; overthrow.

82/86 Fenchurch Street – The Story of a Gift

Richard Saunders

29 March 1983

Mountjoy’s Inn since
the 12th century and its ownership by New College, Oxford, since
1391; tenants and occupiers since then, lack of damage to property in 1666;
19th century redevelopment; new building in 1980.

St Paul’s Bridge: The Project of a River Bridge
Near St Paul’s Cathedral and the Effects it Had

Colin Frederick Walter
Dyer ERD

31 May 1983

Thames crossings;
proposals for a St Paul’s Bridge since 1852; Tower Bridge 1894; early 20th
century ideas and objections; 1911 Act and architectural competition for the
proposed St Paul’s Bridge; relationship with Southwark Bridge; First World
War and stoppage of work; new Act 1921; post-War costs and consultations; St
Paul’s Cathedral safety concerns; post-1929 financial crisis; death of
scheme; rehousing of Southwark residents affected by the proposals and the
Bridge House Estates working class housing south of the Thames.

Swan Marking and Swan Upping

Cuthbert Skilbeck

29 November 1983

Natural history of the
mute swan in England; royal ownership of the bird and grants of swans from
the Crown; 16th and 17th century swan marks; price and
prestige of swans; Dyers’ and Vintners’ Companies’ Royalty of a Game of Swans
on the Thames; swan upping on the Thames every July by representatives of the
Queen, the Dyers’ and the Vintners’ Companies; conservation and the numbers
of swans.

Smithfield Before the London Central Markets

Betty R Masters OBE,

29 May 1984

Fitz Stephen’s Description
of London
, 1175, including Smoothfield and its horsefair; area covered;
cattle market from 15th century; Smithfield as a place of
execution; Bartholomew Fair; numbers of animals sold and the nuisance caused;
proposals for an Islington Market Bill 1834-1835 and the Corporation’s
establishment of a Markets Committee; 19th century improvements
and proposals; Metropolitan Cattle Market opened at Copenhagen Fields,
Islington in 1855 and operated by Corporation of London until 1963.

The Gordon Riots

Alderman William Allan

31 July 1984

Meeting in St George’s
Fields on 2 June 1780 and procession through City to present Lord George
Gordon’s petition to Parliament; mobs on 3 June; next days of riots and
destruction of Newgate and other prisons; end of riots by 10 June; reasons
for riots beginning in Cripplegate; Roman Catholic chapels and Irish
residents there; Corporation’s measures against the violence; successive
Roman Catholic churches in the City since 1780.

The First Mayor of London

Harold Hobbs

30 October 1984

Biography of Henry
Fitz-Ailwyn and his antecedents; site of his house through the centuries; his
business and membership of the Drapers’ Company; his heirs and descendants;
problems of dating the first mayoralty.

St Mary-Le-Bow Silver Plate 1550-1640

Reginald Thomas Dorrien

30 April 1985

Recent sale of 2
flagons from collection; St Mary Le Bow’s one of the finest collections of
church plate possessed by a church anywhere in the world; origin of some of
it in churches amalgamated with St Mary Le Bow; loss of church plate at
Reformation; particular items and donors.

The City and the Buffs

Alderman Sir Ronald
Laurence Gardner-Thorpe GBE, TD, DCL, DH

30 July 1985

City’s unique rights
respecting military recruitment and marching through the City; City Imperial
Volunteers’ Freedom of the City in 1900; privileged regiments; Buff’s origins
and the English regiments in Holland in 16th and 17th
centuries; the Holland Regiment established in 1665 and its status as a
privileged regiment from 1670; origin of the name “Buffs”; subsequent
re-formations of the regiment; detailed antecedents of the Buffs and other
privileged regiments.

The Sewers Serving the City of London

Sir John Reader Welch
Bt. MA

29 October 1985

Increase in pollution
as medieval London grew; Commissions of Sewers from 15th century
and their responsibilities; lack of co-ordinated measures; development of the
water closet and its effect on sewerage systems; Metropolitan Commission from
1848 and cholera; establishment of Metropolitan Board of Works in 1856; the Great
Stink 1858 and Sir Joseph Bazalgette’s great work in building London’s new
sewerage system 1856-1874; alterations to Bazalgette’s system since then.

Fishing on the Thames

James R Sewell MA, FSA

29 April 1986

City’s Thames
Conservancy jurisdiction from 12th century; fish and fishing in
the Thames from the Middle Ages; ordinances to regulate the fishery; nets and
engines; Waterbailiff and his duties; Courts of Conservancy and appearances
at them; Company of Free Fishermen; fishing boats; sale of fish in the City
and its markets.

The Abolition of the GLC and its Effects on the

Geoffrey William Rowley
FIPM [Town Clerk]

29 July 1986

Loosening of
Parliamentary control over local government from 1972; creation of
Metropolitan Boroughs in 1974 and their relative wealth; decay of city
centres leading to higher spending; party political conflicts and Ken
Livingstone’s control of the Greater London Council in 1981; abolition of the
GLC in 1986; the London Residuary Body; former GLC responsibilities passed to
the City, including planning, highways and traffic management, building
control, licensing of public entertainments, waste disposal, Museum of
London, Greater London Record Office; statutory and voluntary associations
created after the abolition relating to education, fire, waste regulation,
etc; Rates Equalisation Scheme.

The Origins of the City Lands Committee

Wallis Glynn Gunthorpe

30 September 1986

Origin of the City
Lands from earliest times, especially since the 1444 charter of Henry VI;
common soil; delegation of Common Council’s property management
responsibilities to Surveyors in 16th century, then to the City
Lands Committee in 1592; first City Lands grant book and business contained
in it.

St Bartholomew’s Hospital

Alderman John Chalstrey

31 March 1987

Brief history its 12th
century foundation, the story of Rahere, the medieval hospital, the
Reformation and Second Foundation in the 16th century, the 18th
century rebuilding, 20th century damage and rebuilding, NHS
administration of the hospital and the retention of the annual View Day by
the Lord Mayor.

Some London Courts

Bernard B. Gillis QC

29 June 1987

Very brief histories
and personal recollections of the Central Criminal Court, Old Bailey, the
Mayor’s and City of London Court and the Guildhall and Mansion House Justice

The Rich Inheritance

Norman L. Hall CBE,

30 November 1987

Brief history of
Bartholomew Close, from its inclusion within the precincts of St
Bartholomew’s Hospital, its purchase by Sir Richard (later Baron) Rich in the
16th century and its development from 1581 by his family for
aristocratic and wealthy households (detailed) with some details of
subsequent development, and a short account of Bartholomew Fair.

The City’s Textile Industry

John S. Henderson OBE

29 February 1988

The concentration of
the “rag trade” in the Ward of Cripplegate especially from the late 18th
century to the Second World War, and its subsequent decline, with details of
the companies and trades involved.

Insurance in the City of London

Anthony J. Hart DSC

30 October 1988

Brief history of
insurance in the ancient world, medieval Europe and the City of London, especially after 1666, up to the early 19th century.

The City’s First Medical Officer of Health

George H. Challis

31 January 1989

Biographical article on
John (later Sir John) Simon (1816-1904), Medical Officer of Health to the
Corporation of London 1848-1855, noting the importance of his work in the
City for sanitary reform and his subsequent distinguished career.

The City’s Rivers – the Walbrook and the Fleet

Alderman Clive
Martin OBE, TD

30 May 1989

Brief history of both
rivers from Roman times to the present.

The City and the Wine Trade: An Early History

Lawrence St.J.T. Jackson LL.B.

31 October 1989

The City of London’s
and the Vintners’ Company’s involvement in the wine trade and the gradual
decline of trade from the mid-13th to the late 15th

A Decade of Commercial Property Development

Michael J. Cassidy BA,

29 May 1990

The enormous expansion
of commercial property development in the City 1979-1989, and the background
of economic factors and planning policy in the City which assisted it.

The City Parochial Foundation – the First 100 Years

Rosemary Humphrays

31 July 1990

The history,
constitution and activities of the City Parochial Foundation since the City
of London Parochial Charities Act 1883.

“800 Years and All That”

Alderman Sir
Christopher Collett GBE, MA, D.Sc.

28 October 1990

The organisation and
activities involved in celebrating  the 800th anniversary of the
Mayoralty of the City of London , from the personal recollections of the
author, including the various arguments concerning the exact date of the
foundation of the Mayoralty and a brief note of celebrations for the 700th
anniversary in 1889.

The Evolution of the Barbican Centre

John S. Henderson OBE,

29 April 1991

The planning and
development of the Barbican Centre from 1955, including alternative schemes
and suggestions and overcoming the many difficulties which affected the

The History of Chartered Accountants in the City

Alderman Brian Jenkins

29 July 1991

As per title, prefaced
by anecdotes ridiculing the profession, the change in attitude to chartered
accountants and a brief history of the Institute of Chartered Accountants
from the late 19th century, and current attacks on the profession
and its possible future.

The Cripplegate Foundation 1891-1991 (100 Not Out!)

Wallis G.G. Hunt

28 October 1991

History, from the
granting of its Scheme in 1891 (Cripplegate was one of the 5 parishes
excluded from the City of London Parochial Charities Act 1883), concentrating
mainly on the buildings, but with some information about grant-making policy
and grants made in recent years.

The Mansion House 1930-1993

Norman H. Harding

30 March 1992

Details of the several
phases of the major Mansion House refurbishment during the 1980s up to 1992,
based on the personal recollections of the author, citing differences of
opinions and rejected suggestions from various Lord Mayors and others, costs and
difficulties affecting parts of the project, and various policy decisions.


Lord Mayors of London and the Baronetcy

Alderman Sir Robin
Gillett GBE, RD, D.Sc., RNR

29 June 1992

Brief background to
James I’s foundation of the rank of Baronet and the pre-Restoration system of
high entry fines for recipients; the growth of the custom of creating the
Lord Mayor a Baronet, and the subsequent recognition of the office by the
award of the GBE instead; instances of members of the same family serving the
office of Lord Mayor; some colourful Baronets, including Lord Mayors (Vyner,
Watson, Wood, Key).

The Bishopsgate Institute

Alderman Michael Oliver

30 November 1992

History, from the
granting of its Scheme in 1891 (St Botolph’s Bishopsgate was one of the 5
parishes excluded from the City of London Parochial Charities Act 1883),
giving information on the buildings, foundation by the Rev. William Rogers,
Rector of St Botolph’s, current day-to-day work, the Library; current plans
for extension.

Junius and the City

Dr James Cope

29 March 1993

The Junius letters
published in The Public Advertiser 1768-1772; their support for John
Wilkes and Parliamentary reform; George III’s system of government; the
City’s remonstrances to George III in 1770; the election of Alderman Nash to
the Mayoralty in 1771; the impact of Junius’s letters on Wilkes’s cause and
the development of the democratic movement; the identity of Junius (Sir
Philip Francis?).

The City Police

H. Wimburn S. Horlock
MA, Deputy

29 November 1993

Policing in the City
from Norman times; watch and ward; creation of first City Day Force after the
Gordon Riots of 1784; Metropolitan Police Act 1829; City of London Police Act
1839; Commissioners; a few significant dates in City Police history;
modern-day policing.

The Tithes of the Parish of St Sepulchre, Holborn

Wallis G.G. Hunt

31 January 1994

Brief history of tithes
generally; tithes and payments in lieu in the City under Acts of Parliament
of 1667 and 1804; extinguishing of such payments under Act of 1947 and the substitution
of the tithe part of the General Rate; the complexities of tithe payments in
St Sepulchre (divided between the City and Middlesex); tithe still
collectable in the parish, uniquely amongst English parishes (with a few
towns having house rates in lieu of tithes).

Fleet Street: the Place and the Concept

Joyce C. Nash, Deputy

31 May 1994

History of the physical
Street; printing in Fleet Street since 1500 and the growth of the national
press there; “Old Spanish Customs” and Rupert Murdoch’s move to “Fortress
Wapping” and the decline of printing in Fleet Street itself.

Put Not Your Trust in Princes: the Relationship
Between the City and the Tower 1066-1321

A.P.W. MacLellan

31 October 1994

The City and the Norman
Conquest; the building of the Tower of London; Constables of the Tower and
their jurisdiction over the Jews in the City; brief summary of the City’s
relationship with the Crown 1066-1321.

London’s Firefighters: Their Origins and

C. Douglas Woodward
CBE, Deputy

30 Jan uary1995

Fire-fighting in
ancient Rome; in England from 872; in the City from 1066; equipment and
ordinances; the Fire of London, the growth of insurance and a more organised
fire-fighting system; amalgamation of insurance companies’ fire brigades in
1832 and appointment of James Braidwood to run it; fires at Houses of
Parliament in 1834, Royal Exchange in 1838, Tower of London Armoury in 1841,
Tooley Street Fire in 1861; foundation and development of Metropolitan Fire
Brigade in 1865.

The History of the Common Council

Geoffrey W. Rowley CBE,

22 May 1995

Evolution of Common
Council from Folkmoot through Court of Husting; evolution of the great
congregation into Common Hall;  Common Council’s assumption of “legislative”
functions during 14th century; changing balance of power between
Common Council, Common Hall and Court of Aldermen during 18th
century; anecdotes of a few famous Common Council events, including Charles
I’s failure to apprehend the 5 Parliamentarians in 1642.

Sir Horace Jones 1819-1887: Architect and Surveyor
to the Corporation of London

Stanley Keith Knowles

30 October 1995

Brief biography of
Jones; family; training as an architect; travel and study in Europe; in
business on own account 1843-1864; work for the RIBA; projects, including
Cardiff Town Hall, Caversham Park near Reading, Surrey Music Hall in
Walworth, many office buildings and department stores in London; as Architect
and Surveyor to the Corporation of London 1864- including his work on City
Markets, police stations, Guildhall, City of London Lunatic Asylum, Guildhall
Library and Museum, Tower Bridge and Guildhall School of Music; knighthood.
Appendix quoting A.G. Temple Guildhall Memories (1918), pp. 72-73
about Jones.

[Acknowledgements to
Jennifer M Freeman’s thesis on Sir Horace Jones, RIBA Library, Keeper of Maps
and Prints at Guildhall Library and CLRO]

Dictum Meum Pactum: The Stock Exchange

R.D.K. Edwards JP,

29 April 1996

Local colour in
Throgmorton Street in the 1950s-1960s and its silence since October 1986 (the
Big Bang); 400 years of history of joint stock companies, including the
Muscovy Company; funding and share issue; foundation of Stock Exchange in
1773; turmoil of 1st 3 decades of 20th century due to
mining booms, WW1, General Strike, Wall Street Crash; work of brokers,
jobbers and Blue Buttons; nicknames, humour and characters of the old
Exchange; move to new Exchange and admission of women in 1973; post-WW2
company amalgamations and the rise of professionalism; the 1960s and 1970s;
the move to offices after the abolition of exchange controls in 1979,
introduction of computerised clearing system Talisman and other changes in
working practices; the end of the exclusivity of the Stock Exchange in 1986.

The Influence of the Huguenots on the City of London

Alderman Michael Savory

23 September 1996

Background of Huguenot
migrations especially from France and the Low Countries to British Isles in
mid-16th century and after revocation of Edict of Nantes in 1685;
skills and numbers of Huguenots in London; their rapid integration within 2
generations; Spitalfields silk-weavers; Huguenot innovations, inventions and
creativity; the Church; some GHA Huguenots.

Christ’s Hospital – Some Housey Tales Fights and

Richard Saunders,

24 February 1997

Close historical links
between the Corporation and Christ’s Hospital; the School’s independent
spirit; its appropriation of the Spital Sermon and a tiff between School and
Corporation over the Sermon in the mid-19th century; problems with
money and administration 16th-18th centuries; Christ’s
Hospital’s sealing of the Carmen’s cars 1582-1838; anecdotes about Christ’s Hospital.

Care of the Children: the Aldermen and the Orphans

Betty R. Masters OBE,

23 June 1997

The Custom of London
since the Middle Ages regarding the care of Freemen’s under-age orphans and
inheritance of personal property of a City Freeman, with examples; the
Aldermen’s strict control over the marriage of orphans, with examples;
increase in volume of orphanage business and deposit of orphans’ inheritances
in the Chamber of London at interest from the mid-16th century;
development of the Court of Orphans under the Common Serjeant and orphans’
inventories; City’s financial problems due to its inability to meet the
interest on its outstanding debt from 1681; establishment of the Orphans’
Fund by Act of Parliament of 1694.

The Remembrancer in Russia: the Fletcher Embassy to
Moscow in 1588-89

James R. Sewell MA, FSA

27 October 1997

Brief biography of Dr
Giles Fletcher (c. 1548-1611, and uncle of the dramatist John Fletcher), who
was appointed City Remembrancer at the request of Queen Elizabeth I in 1586;
Fletcher and Saltonstall’s ambassadorial mission with the Hanse concerning
custom duties on English imports in 1587; Fletcher’s appointment as ambassador
to Russia in 1588 and the background to Anglo-Russian trade in the 16th
century; Fletcher’s difficulties in Moscow; his return and the writing of his
important and controversial book Of the Russe Common Wealth in 1591
(translations of which were still banned in Russia in 1848); the remainder of
Fletcher’s career as Remembrancer.

A Private Sector Underground for London – Return of
the Ghost of Charles Yerkes

Deputy M.J. Cassidy BA,

23 February 1998

Commuting to work; the
development of the underground railway in London; colourful life and
background of Charles Tyson Yerkes, an American, formerly convicted and
jailed for embezzlement in Philadelphia, ousted from Chicago for corruption
of councillors concerning the trolley car franchise; Yerke’s acquisition of
interests in the London Underground and his electrification of the system,
building the power station at Lots Road; unprofitablility of the operation;
Yerkes’s death and discovery of his debts; competition in the form of
petrol-driven buses from 1906.

The 100th Livery Company: How it Came

Alderman Sir Brian
Jenkins GBE

29 June 1998

The Information
Technologists’ Company; 50 years of stored-programme computers; IT Year in
1982, the first meeting of Bernard Harty and Alan Benjamin, and their
subsequent idea for an IT Livery Company in 1985; City Company status and the
work of the new Company; Livery status in 1992 as the 100th
Company; continuing work, including the promotion of IT in the City under the
PORT initiative, apprenticeship scheme and use of panels for charitable work.

The Napoleonic Wars, 1803-1814: the Defences of
S.E. England

Gordon R.A. Wixley CBE,

26 November 1998

As per title, with
background to Napoleon’s invasion plans, and including information on the
Chelmsford Army camp, entrenchments for the protection of London, plans for
flooding Romney Marshes and the construction of the Royal Military Canal, the
construction of Martello Towers

Sir John Cass and His Foundation

Geoffrey C.H. Lawson

29 March 1999

Cass’s and his father’s
with the Jacobite cause in the 1690s, his establishment of a charity school
in Portsoken 1709-1711 to ingratiate himself with electors in his efforts
1701-1711 to become Alderman of Portsoken, his Tory-Anglican politics,
unpopularity with the Court of Aldermen, election as an MP for London
1710-1715, the complications around proving his 1718 final will (proved 1748)
and the establishment of the Sir John Cass Foundation in 1748, his statue in
the Guildhall Art Gallery and the Lord Mayor’s role in the school’s annual
Founder’s Day service each February.

The Royal Exchange

Anthony Moss MA

7 June 1999

The Antwerp Bourse in
the early 16th century and its influence on Sir Richard Gresham
and his son Sir Thomas, who built the Royal Exchange 1566-69; its naming by
Queen Elizabeth I in 1571; its operation and trades using it (especially
insurance); destruction in 1666 and 1838 and subsequent rebuilding; grand
opening in 1842 and modern uses.

[Acknowledgements to London Topographical Society and Dr Ann Saunders]

The City of London Imperial Volunteers [C.I.V.]

Deputy John Holland

29 November 1999

Background of the 1st
(1880-81) and 2nd (1899-1902) Boer Wars; the extremely rapid
formation of the City Imperial Volunteers in the City of London Dec 1899-Jan
1900 under the active management of the Lord Mayor, Alfred Newton; the CIV’s
action and return to England in October 1900; the end of the War and excerpts
from  Winston Churchill’s maiden speech in the House of Commons on the

The City’s 1798 Response to the Silver Coin
Shortage – the Dorrien-Magens Shilling


31 January 2000

The shortage of silver
coin during the 18th century, owing to the fact that silver coins
were more valuable as bullion; only 3 issues of silver shillings between 1760
and 1800 (1763, 1787 and the Dorrien Magens shilling of 1798, the rarest and
most valuable of all); failure of the Government’s 1797 silver coin issue;
use of tokens and the Truck Shop system; Dorrien Magens’ and City merchants’
attempt to send £30,000 of silver bullion to be minted into shillings and the
Government’s alteration of the law and destruction of almost all the
shillings; the solution to the problem by the adoption of the gold standard
and the issue of the gold sovereign in 1816.

The Reform of the Post Office in the Victorian Era
and its Impact on Economic and Social Activity

Deputy Anthony Eskenzi,

5 June 2000

Rowland Hill’s reforms
to the Post Office and the Act of 1839; Hill’s subsequent problems in
reforming the PO until his retirement in 1864.

The Office of Recorder of the City of London

Sir Lawrence Verney TD,

30 October 2000

The varying role and
duties of the Recorder from the origins of the office in the 13th
century to date

St Paul’s School

Alderman Sir Alexander
Graham GBE

26 February 2001

The history of the
school from its foundation; association with the Mercers explored and
explained; role of the school at the forefront of politics and religion, and,
at the Reformation, its role in the revival of learning in England;
endowment and financial issues. The talk also describes the contribution of
each high master to the running of the school.

The funding of St Bartholomew’s Hospital, 1123-2001

Sir John Chalstrey MD,

11 June 2001

An account of  the
financial basis on which St Bartholomew’s Hospital  has been run over the
centuries, from mediaeval royal grants to private finance initiatives in the
twenty first century

Fleet Street

Deputy Christopher
Mitchell Esq, OBE

29 October 2001

A summary history of
Fleet Street, encompassing Fleet Marriages (1696-1753) and Sweeney Todd’s
barber’s shop, but with a particular focus on the associations of the street
with national newspapers.  The impact of the introduction of the Koenig Steam
Press in 1814, the power of the unions; the role of the Press Barons and  the
eventual move of the publication of newspapers away from Fleet Street are
described in detail.

Local Government: the beginning or the end?

Deputy Peter Rigby,

18 February 2002

An assessment of ‘British
local government, its impact on the people it serves, its potential, its
excesses and its failures.’ The talk investigates key changes in local
government practice, including the introduction of party politics and various
local government reorganisations including those of 1965 and 1986 in London. References to Tony Crossland’s famous phrase ‘The party is over’; the Redcliffe
Maud and Widdecombe Enquiries; local authority budgets; Best Value.


The burning of the Jubilee Book 1376-1387

Professor Caroline

17 June 2002

Abridged from a seminar
paper, this talk attempts to explain the extraordinary events which led to
the burning of the Corporation’s Jubilee Book in 1387. The significance of
the book is investigated, an author is tentatively proposed and the contents
of the book are suggested. Did it survive in copy form?

Life at the Mansion House at the end of the
twentieth century

Tommy Tucker

16 September 2002

A light hearted
assessment of life at Mansion House, with sketches of all the Lord Mayors from
Dame Mary Donaldson to Sir Clive Martin.

The role of the Chief Commoner in 2002

Jonathan Charkham Esq.,

23 June 2003

Charts the political
context in which the Chief Commoner has to operate, together with
descriptions of ceremonial and social events in 2002.

History of the City Heritage Society 1973-2003

C. Douglas Woodward CBE

6 Oct 2003

Beginnings under the
aegis of the Barbican Residents’ Association; changing views about
conservation over 30 years; the growth of conservation areas; establishment
as a registered charity and the inauguration of the City Heritage Award
scheme in 1978; the battle between the Society and Peter Palumbo over the
Mansion House Square/No. 1 Poultry site development schemes and the 3 public
enquiries associated with them; other schemes opposed or backed by the
Society; summary of the Society’s successes and failures over 30 years.


Robert Walpole and the City of London, 1721-1742

Dr James Cope

29 March 2004

An assessment of the
relationship between Robert Walpole and the City during his Long Ministry:
‘Walpole’s twenty one years in power brought great benefits to the City, but
its favourable influence was never readily available to him and its hostility
at the end was a factor in his final defeat by his Tory opponents’.

The rebuilding of the Guildhall Art Gallery

Richard Gilbert Scott

19 November 2004

An account by Richard
Gilbert Scott, architect of the scheme, of the tortuous process which led to
the rebuilding of the Guildhall Art Gallery. While itt received planning
permission in 1964 it was opened by Her Majesty the Queen in 1999.

The Corporation of London Cemetery and Crematorium

Anthony Moss, Esq., MA

28 February 2005

A history of the
Corporation of London Cemetery and Crematorium, designed by William Haywood.  The
contracts for enclosing the first 98 acres were let in 1854. When the first
burials took place in 1856, they were on unconsecrated land, as the
consecration of the burial areas could not proceed without untangling the
financial arrangement with the 108 parishes of the City. The first cremation
took place in 1905. With 200 acres, it is the largest cemetery in London
and one of the largest municipal cemeteries in Europe.

Tales of the unexpected: the Corporation and
Captives in Barbary

Miss Betty Masters OBE

27 June 2005

This paper investigates
the City’s involvement in assisting with the ‘redeeming of captives in the
dominium of Turkey’ especially on the Barbary coast of North Africa in the
sixteenth century

St Paul’s and the City before 1300

Professor Derek Keene

24 October  2005

An account of the
development of St Paul’s in the early centuries, from 604 to 1300. St
Paul’s was a major focal point in the life of the City and a meeting place
of the folkmoot, a political and judicial institution which faded away by

Nelson and the City


Alderman David Wootton


13 February 2006


This paper charts the
specific events which make up the relationship between Nelson and the City,
from the celebration of three of the four major naval battles in which he
took part  (and which figure on the Nelson monument in the Great Hall at
Guildhall) to his funeral on 9 January 1806.

The Rise and Decline of
Guilds – with particular reference to the Guilds of Tylers & Bricklayers
in Great Britain and Ireland.

Tom Hoffman, LLB

19 June 2006

An account of the
growth and decline of Guilds from the reign of Henry 1 to the Municipal
Corporation Act of 1835 when almost all the guilds in the country were
required to surrender the last remaining areas of control they still exerted
over trade and industry. The paper uses Tilers and Bricklayers as a specific
example, and references are drawn from all over the country.

Apollo’s Swan and Lyre

Dr. Andrew Parmley,

23 October 2006

The objective of this
paper is to reflect the City’s long interest in the Arts by discussing the
origins of drama and sacred and secular music in the City. It considers the
early histories of the Parish Clerks’ and Musicians’ Companies and the City
Waits as well as the Painter Stainers’ Company, — all historical custodians
of the Arts in the City.

A ticket to attend: the laying of the first stone
of the new London Bridge, 1825

John Bird, O.B.E.

22 January 2007

This paper described
the ceremonies associated with the laying of the first stone of the New
London Bridge in 1825.

The formation and early
years of the London Chamber of Commerce and Industry


11 June 2007

This account shows how
Mansion House, Guildhall and the City were involved in the foundation of the
London Chamber of Commerce and Industry in 1881 after several attempts. The
paper also covers the crucial role played by Lord Mayor Sir William McArthur
in its creation and its continuing role to this day

London’s role in the history of English porcelain

James Sewell, O.B.E., M.A.,


15 October 2007

The manufacture of
porcelain in London developed with the advent of tea drinking from the
seventeenth century onwards. The history of various London factories is
examined here, demonstrating the importance of London in the history of
English porcelain.  Excerpts from a ballad about the damage caused by a bull
in a London china shop in 1773 are provided as a conclusion.

The evolution of UK pension funds: some
observations and less familiar aspects

Ken Ayers

11 February

Starting with the first
organised pension scheme for Royal Navy Officers in the 1670’s, this paper
follows the historical development of pension provision, — from deferred
annuities to final salary related schemes and thence to defined contribution
schemes. The actuarial reasoning for the shift and its historical context is
carefully appraised. 


Ivan Luckin and the sale of London Bridge

Archie Galloway

16 June 2008

A gently humorous
account of Ivan Luckin’s role in achieving the sale of Rennie’s London
Bridge in 1968 and its subsequent transfer to Lake Havasu City in the Arizona  desert

The City of London’s Open


Christine Cohen

13 October 2008

An account of the City
of London’s Open Spaces, how they came into the City’s stewardship and recent
developments associated with their management

The City’s Estates in the 17th century


James Sewell, O.B.E., M.A.,


23 February

While this analysis ranges widely over the
management of the City’s estates in the seventeenth century, particular
attention is focussed on the period around 1630, when the great series of
City Rentals properly begins. The City’s extensive land management experience
with both City Lands and d Bridge House Estates is reflected in the growing
significance of the City Lands Committee which came into being in 1592.
Specific reference is made to the award to the City of the Royal Contract of
1627/28, through which the City Corporation managed to reimburse two earlier
royal loans and to obtain a further advance of £120,000.

Southwark: London’s Second City?

Deputy Robin Sherlock


15 June 2009

This paper reviews the
close links between Southwark and the City and the particular significance of
the bridge which, from Roman times onwards, has linked the two areas.

Smithfield: the in-between years

Deputy Michael Welbank

26 October 2009

The history of
Smithfield Market between 1837 (the date at which it was vividly described by
Dickens in Oliver Twist as an overcrowded and poorly managed market) and 1868
(when William Davis’ peaceful and orderly depiction of the market was made).
An important step in the resolution of the problem was the Smithfield Removal
Act of 1852 which secured the City’s rights to build, at is own expense, run
and retain the revenues of any new cattle market even outside the City

The Ulster connection – the City Livery Companies in
Northern Ireland


Barbara Newman


22 February

To follow

St Martin-le-Grand:
collegiate church and den of iniquity


The Revd. Dr.
Martin Dudley


28 June 2010

This paper investigates the
evolving relationship between St Martin-le-Grand,  a distinct liberty subject
to the city of Westminster and the City of London. St Martin-le-Grand claimed
exemption from the jurisdiction of the City up to 1548 but by the fifteenth
century, the City had become more conscious of itself as a corporate body,
and less accommodating of those who, within the City claimed, exemption.
Concerns focussed on the abuse of the right of sanctuary within the precinct
and on fraudulent goldsmith’s work produced in St Martin-le-Grand in the form
of chains, brooches, rings, cups and spoons, made of inferior metal gilded or
silvered and intended to be sold as the real article.


The Houndsditch Murders: a miscarriage of justice that
led to mass murder


Bob Duffield


 25 October 2010

An account of the
Houndsdith murders when three unarmed City of London policemen were gunned
down in the street by revolutionaries who had found refuge in London from political repression in Russia, Latvia and other East European States.

Drapers’ Gardens –

their significance in both ancient and modern times


John Bennett


31 January 2011

A history of the
Drapers’ Garden site from Roman times to the twenty first century. Of
particular note is the sixteenth century ownership of the site by Thomas
Cromwell, Chancellor and advisor to King Henry VIII.

Highland Chiefs at the Tower in 1745


Deputy William Fraser


27 June 2011

This paper documents the
fate of the Highland Chiefs, including the Earls of Cromarty and Kilmarnock
and Lord Balmarino were tried at Westminster   following the battle of
Culloden Moor. A detailed description of the trial of Simon Fraser, The Lord
Lovat Head of the Clan Fraser, the last man to be beheaded at the Tower in
included in the account.


Ripa Regina: ‘soke’ and ‘stew’


Alderman Gordon Haines


31 October 2011

This paper reviews the
social history of Queenhithe, with specific reference to prostitution along
the river bank.


The Samuel Collection: materials and techniques

Nancy Wade & Judith

18 June 2012

Guildhall Art Gallery
Conservators Nancy Wade and Judith Wetherall discuss the Samuel collection of
paintings which have been displayed at the Mansion House since they were
bequeathed to the City Corporation in 1987. Nancy discusses artists’ studios
and materials, including supports and paints while Judith speaks of the
frames, referring to the styles and materials used in their preparation. This
paper was presented at the Mansion House.

Education, Education, Education: the launch of the
City’s academies

Catherine McGuinness


29 October 2012

This paper looks at the
founding of the three City Academies in Southwark, Islington and Hackney from
first discussions in 2000 to the realisation of the project with the opening
of the first Academy in Southwark in 2003. The paper includes background on
the government’s plans and policies on transforming Secondary Education and
how the City of London responded to this challenge.

Who Killed Alderman Sir Alfred Newton?

Sir John Chalstrey


25 February 2013

The circumstances
surrounding the unexplained death from strychnine poisoning in 1921 of the
former Lord Mayor of London, Sir Alfred Newton, are discussed and background
on his life and civic career is given.  The financial scandal around the
acquisition and management of the Industrial Contract Corporation in the late
19th century is put forward as a possible motive for the poisoning
of Newton although the killer has not been identified and the mystery around
his death remains unsolved.

The London Stone: from myth and mystery to contemporary

Alderman David Graves

10 June 2013

Mythological origins of
the Stone moving through to Roman times & later references in Stow’s
Survey of London, 1603; 17th & 18th century
attempts to have it removed due to persistent complaints to the City
authorities about its inconvenience; the survival of the Stone despite
widespread bombing in the Second World War and its removal from the ruins of
the Church of St Swithin to its current location at 111 Cannon Street.

The Hanseatic Steelyard in Dowgate


Alderman Alison Gowman

18 October 2013

13th century
references to the Hanse merchants; the derivation of the word “Steelyard”;
the location of foreign merchants in Dowgate Ward since the late 10th
century; special privileges granted by King Henry II & King John; the
strict regime observed by the Hanse merchants; trading connections of the
merchants; disputes with the City authorities concerning the upkeep of
Bishopsgate & other grievances caused by the preferential treatment of
the Hanse merchants; the demise of the Steelyard & the sale of the site
for building Cannon Street Station.

The Development of the City of London as a
representative body

Mark Boleat

20 January 2014

The nature of the City
Corporation’s current representative role with regard to the UK’s financial
services industry; the reasons behind the development of this role including
changes in local government in London with the abolition of the Greater
London Council and the changing role of the Bank of England; the establishment
of the City Research Project and the Economic Development Office with
representative offices in Brussels, Beijing, Shanghai and Mumbai; the
creation of “TheCityUK”; review of governance leading to the formal
recognition of the City Corporation’s role in the terms of reference of the
Policy and Resources Committee

The Campaign to save Wanstead Flats from Development

Wendy Mead

16 June  2014

Victorian attempts to
develop the Flats leading to a huge demonstration requiring police
intervention in 1871; leisure activities in the early 20th
century; the Flats requisitioned for military purposes in the Second World
War including temporary housing for bombed-out families; West Ham
Corporation’s attempts to build permanent housing on the Flats defeated by
legal judgement in 1947; subsequent major restoration programme undertaken by
the City of London Corporation.

Too Close for Comfort: Zeppelins over the City of

Reverend Dr Martin Dudley

13 October 2014

Bombing of Antwerp by
German airships in 1914; retaliatory raids on Zeppelin sheds at Cologne &
Dusseldorf by Royal Naval Air Service in September 1914; history of
development of Zeppelin airships ; restrictions on street lighting &
camouflaging major landmarks to safeguard against attacks on British soil;
first serious raids over England in January 1915 on Yarmouth, Cromer &
King’s Lynn; first Zeppelin raid on London 8 September 1915 dropping bombs in
Great Ormond Street, Theobald’s Road, Farringdon Road, Bartholomew Close
& Liverpool Street Station; the “Theatre Raid” of 13 October; death of
Kapitanleutnant Heinrich Mathy, German airship commander, in bombing raid in
October 1916 at Potters Bar; last Zeppelin raid on London in October 1917,
the “silent raid.”

Magna Carta, The City of London and the ‘Special

Sir Robert Worcester, KBE,

6 January 2015

Paper read by Sir
Robert Worcester in his capacity as organiser of the 800th
Anniversary Commemorations of the sealing of Magna Carta; personal
reminiscences from Sir Robert; details on the 700th anniversary
commemorations in 1915; links with America and the display of the 1215
document in the Rotunda of the United States Congress in 1976; details on
forthcoming events to mark the anniversary during 2015.

 Best of the Old with the Best of the New: The
Guildhall Complex and its Relationship with Organisational Change


Sir Michael

19 June 2015

Changes to the built
environment of the Guildhall Complex covering the period from 1884,
discussing  the ‘new’ Council Chamber, the Great Hall of Guildhall, the
former Art Gallery, North Office Block & West Wing offices, the
construction of new Guildhall Art Gallery incorporating the remains of the
Roman Amphitheatre; the Guildhall Improvement Project; changes in
organisational behaviour with examples given of changes to committee
meetings; changing role of Chairman of Policy Committee and that of Chief

The Origins of The Society of Young Freemen

Clare James

12 October 2015

The background to the
formation of the Society including the part taken by the Policy and
Parliamentary Committee to encourage young persons to become Freemen of the
City of London with discussions with the Guild of Freemen; the early years of
the Society from its formal establishment at the Mansion House on 7 December
1976; possible motives of the City in facilitating the establishment of the

The History of the Hampstead Heath Ponds

Jeremy Simons

11 January 2016

London’s early water
supply; the London Conduit Act of 1544 empowering the City to make use of the
springs on Hampstead Heath; the1692 Act of Parliament creating the Hampstead
Water Company; the creation of reservoirs; the artist John Constable painted
the Heath many times with ponds appearing in several of his works including
“Hampstead Heath with a Rainbow”;  an account of the history of swimming in
the Ponds; major incidents of flooding in the Heath, including the most
serious one in 1975 with details of the effect on the Heath; the start of the
“Ponds Project” which will ensure that the risk of dam collapse in the ponds
is eliminated.

The City of London’s role as the ‘Secular Arm’ in the
burning of heretics”

Virginia Rounding

13 June 2016

The events in the City
of London during the reigns of Henry VIII, Edward VI and Mary I focusing on
the years 1529-1558 when the largest number of burnings occurred in West
Smithfield; the trials and deaths of Anne Askew, James Bainham,& Friar
John Forest are described; the escape from burning of City apprentices
Richard Wilmot & Thomas Fairfax; a discussion on the reasons behind the
involvement of the City of London Corporation in the burning of heretics.

Electoral reform, liberalism & art funded by
Jamaican slave sugar – the Beckfords. Part 1 – Alderman William Beckford

Sir John Stuttard

31 October 2016

The early life of
William Beckford; the great accumulation of wealth from sugar plantations in
Jamaica; his return to England and purchase of Fonthill Estate in Wiltshire
in 1745; election as Member of Parliament firstly for Shaftesbuy then
latterly as one of the the City of London’s four MPs; his election as
Alderman, Sheriff and Lord Mayor; Beckford’s support for the colonies as an
integral part of  Great Britain & with William Pitt the Elder championing
reform and liberty; his reluctance to serve a second term as Lord Mayor;
Beckford’s support for the radical journalist and politician John Wilkes; the
erection of a statue to Beckford in Guildhall being the only Lord Mayor so
honoured in this way.